Astronomische Nachrichten | 2021
Rubidium abundances of galactic disk stars
Spectroscopic determinations of Rubidium abundances were conducted by applying the spectrum fitting method to the Rb I 7800 line for an extensive sample of ~500 late-type dwarfs as well as giants (including Hyades cluster stars) belonging to the galactic disk population, with an aim of establishing the behaviour of [Rb/Fe] ratio for disk stars in the metallicity range of -0.6 5500K; this means that the results for mid-G to F stars (including the Sun) are not reliable (i.e., more or less overestimated), which might be due to some imperfect treatment of surface convection in classical model atmospheres. As such, it was decided to confine only to late-G and K stars at Teff<5500K and adopt the solar-system (meteoritic) value as the reference Rb abundance. The [Rb/Fe] vs.[Fe/H] relations derived for field dwarfs and giants turned out to be consistent with each other, showing a gradual increase of [Rb/Fe] with a decrease in [Fe/H] (with d[Rb/Fe]/d[Fe/H] gradient of ~-0.4 around the solar metallicity), which is favourably compared with the theoretical prediction of chemical evolution models. Accordingly, this study could not confirm the anomalous behaviour of [Rb/Fe] ratio (tending to be subsolar but steeply increasing toward supersolar metallicity) recently reported for M dwarf stars of -0.3<[Fe/H]<+0.3.