Journal of Neural Transmission | 2019

FGF2 and dual agonist of NCAM and FGF receptor 1, Enreptin, rescue neurite outgrowth loss in hippocampal neurons expressing mutated huntingtin proteins



In the present study, we developed an in vitro model of Huntington disease (HD) by transfecting primary rat hippocampal neurons with plasmids coding for m-htt exon 1 with different number of CAG repeats (18, 50 and 115) and demonstrated the influence of the length of polyQ sequence on neurite elongation. We found that exogenously applied FGF2 significantly rescued the m-htt-induced loss of neurite outgrowth. Moreover, the Enreptin peptide, an FGFR1 and NCAM dual agonist, had a similar neuritogenic effect to FGF2 in clinically relevant m-htt 50Q-expressing neurons. This study has developed an in vitro model of primary hippocampal neurons transfected with m-htt-coding vectors that is a powerful tool to study m-htt–related effects on neuronal placticity.

Volume 126
Pages 1493-1500
DOI 10.1007/s00702-019-02073-1
Language English
Journal Journal of Neural Transmission

Full Text