Journal of Neural Transmission | 2019
Lack of insulin resistance in response to streptozotocin treatment in neuronal SH-SY5Y cell line
Recently, it is suggested that brain insulin resistance may contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease; therefore, there is a high interest in its investigation. Streptozotocin (STZ) is often used to induce dysregulation of glucose and insulin metabolism in animal and cell culture models. Alteration in insulin sensitivity however, has not yet been assessed in neuronal cells after STZ treatment. We aimed at studying the concentration dependence of the protective effect of insulin on STZ-induced damage using SH-SY5Y cell line. Cells were treated with STZ and cell viability was assessed by resazurin reduction and lactate dehydrogenase release assays. Low serum (LS) medium was used as control damage. The effect of various concentrations (30, 100, 300, 1000\xa0nM) of insulin was studied on cell viability and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) phosphorylation, an indicator of insulin signaling. STZ induced dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity, its 1\xa0mM concentration exerted a low, gradually developing damage. The cytoprotective effect of insulin was demonstrated in both STZ and LS groups. Its maximal effect was lower in the STZ-treated cells; however, its effective concentration remained largely unaltered. Insulin-induced GSK-3 phosphorylation was similar in the STZ- and LS-treated cells suggesting unchanged insulin signaling. Our present results indicate that STZ does not induce significant impairment in insulin sensitivity in SH-SY5Y cells, thus in this cell line it is not a good tool for studying the role of insulin resistance in neurodegeneration and to examine protective agents acting by improving insulin signaling.