AIDS and Behavior | 2021
Socioeconomic Inequalities and HIV Testing During Antenatal Care in High- Medium- and Low-Conflict Intensity Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
Understanding HIV testing determinants in different settings is vital to reducing new infections. This study assessed HIV testing rates during antenatal care (ANC) in seven sub-Saharan African countries designated as high, medium, low or no conflict intensity settings. We ranked and plotted concentration curves for HIV testing by socioeconomic inequality and determined their concentration indices (CCI). Testing for HIV during ANC was highest in Zimbabwe (95.7%) and lowest in Sudan (3.6%). Countries with medium and high conflict intensity experienced higher HIV testing inequality (CCI\u2009=\u20090.38) than countries with low or no conflict (CCI\u2009=\u20090.15). Low HIV testing rates were associated with no education, rural areas, poorest wealth index quintiles and home birth, which demonstrate that determinants of HIV testing during ANC in conflict-affected areas are complex and context-based. Programme implementation and policymakers must acknowledge these complexities and local contexts in their program designs and planning.