Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry | 2021

Metal salts as dopants for ZnO ceramics-thermogravimetry coupled with mass spectrometry studies



The paper presents results concerning thermal decomposition of copper II salts (acetylacetonate, acetate monohydrate and nitrate trihydrate) in synthetic air and argon flow. Thermogravimetry tests coupled with mass spectrometry were performed in temperature range of 25–1300 °C. The influence of salt addition on the rheological properties and sintering behaviour of ceramic samples was then investigated. The microstructure evolution based on light and scanning electron microscopies coupled with stereological methods was described. The performed investigations revealed not only the differences in thermal decomposition of examined salts but also differences in the phenomena related to the oxidation and reduction processes of copper products. The atmosphere has also influenced the mechanisms of salts decomposition as well as further changes in decomposition products. Moreover, the presence of ZnO powder has changed the thermal decomposition process of copper II acetylacetonate. The investigations showed that acetates and nitrates can be efficient in homogeneous distribution of small amounts of metal additives in the ZnO-based suspensions. Higher concentrations of these type of salts lead to the increase of viscosity due to the fact that acetates and nitrates increase the ionic strength in the slurry. On the other hand, acetylacetonates do not disturb the stability of the slurries. However, they are characterized by low water solubility and thus homogenous distribution of small amount of these dopants is more difficult. The addition of copper increased the grain size of the sintered ZnO samples. The copper was not segregated at grain boundaries in the form of oxide, it diffused into ZnO matrix.

Volume None
Pages 1 - 17
DOI 10.1007/s10973-021-10934-9
Language English
Journal Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

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