Chemical Engineering Journal | 2019

Sulfur doped carbon quantum dots loaded hollow tubular g-C3N4 as novel photocatalyst for destruction of Escherichia coli and tetracycline degradation under visible light



Abstract Microbial contamination and antibiotic pollutions diffusely exist in wastewater system, and contaminated water poses a threat to public health. Therefore, there is a need to effectively remove biohazard and antibiotic contamination from wastewater systems. In this paper, sulfur doped carbon quantum dots (S-CQDs)/hollow tubular g-C3N4 photocatalyst (HTCN-C), prepared via ultrasonic assisted synthesis strategy, was regarded as an efficient catalyst for the degradation of antibiotic (tetracycline) and destruction of a typical Gram-negative bacterium (Escherichia coli) in imitated wastewater system. The unique structures of hollow tubular g-C3N4 and loading of modified carbon quantum dots enhanced electron transfer and charge separation, leading to a significant improvement in photocatalytic efficiency. Benefiting from these merits, the optimized catalysts (HTCN-C(2)) exhibited superior performance with a reaction rate of 0.0293\u202fmin−1 for tetracycline (TC) degradation and 99.99% destruction of Escherichia coli under visible-light irradiation. Moreover, the characterization of UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra, photoluminescence technique, transient photocurrent responses and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy also verified the good optical and electrochemical properties of resultant samples. Our current work indicates that HTCN-C has great potential in degradation of antibiotic and destruction of bacterium for practical wastewater treatment.

Volume 378
Pages 122132
DOI 10.1016/J.CEJ.2019.122132
Language English
Journal Chemical Engineering Journal

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