Radiation Physics and Chemistry | 2019
Inverse calibration matrix algorithm for radiation detection portal monitors
Abstract Radioisotope identification of an energy spectrum obtained from a radiation portal monitor (RPM) is a challenging task due to its insufficient data acquisition time. Thus, conventional algorithms for a radiation portal monitor, such as the gross count algorithm and the energy window algorithm, use the gross count of the measured spectrum or the gross counts of specific energy ranges. However, the conventional algorithms cause false alarms because they simply compare the gross count of the measured spectrum to the background radiation count. In this paper, an inverse calibration matrix (ICM) algorithm for radioisotope identification is proposed, which uses approaches different from those of conventional algorithms. To evaluate this method, various gamma energy spectra of 133Ba, 137Cs, 60Co, 22Na, background radiation and a potassium fertilizer that included 40K were measured by four photomultipliers attached to a large-area polyvinyl-toluene (PVT) scintillator for a radiation portal monitor. The results demonstrated that the energy spectra obtained with measurement times ranging from 0.1 to 50\u202fs were precisely identified by the ICM algorithm.