Archivos de bronconeumologia | 2019
Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging for N-Staging in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. A Systematic Review.
INTRODUCTION\nThe aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic value of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in differentiating metastasic from non-metastatic lymph nodes in NSCLC patients compared with computed tomography (CT) and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) - positron emission tomography (PET) or both combined.\n\n\nMETHODS\nTwenty-three studies (19 studies and 4 meta-analysis) with sample size ranging between 22 and 250 patients were included in this analysis. MRI, regardless of the sequence obtained, where used for the evaluation of N-staging of NSCLC. Histopathology results and clinical or imaging follow-up were used as the reference standard. Studies were excluded if the sample size was less than 20 cases, if less than 10 lymph nodes assessment were presented or studies where standard reference was not used. Papers not reporting sufficient data were also excluded.\n\n\nRESULTS\nAs compared to CT and PET, MRI demonstrated a higher sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy in the diagnosis of metastatic or non-metastatic lymph nodes in N-staging in NSCLC patients. No study considered MRI inferior than conventional techniques (CT, PET or PET/CT). Other outstanding results of this review are fewer false positives with MRI in comparison with PET, their superiority over PET/CT to detect non-resectable lung cancer, to diagnosing infiltration of adjacent structures or brain metastasis and detecting small nodules.\n\n\nCONCLUSION\nMRI has shown at least similar or better results in diagnostic accuracy to differentiate metastatic from non-metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes. This suggests that MRI could play a significant role in mediastinal NSCLC staging.