The Journal of arthroplasty | 2021

Fretting Corrosion, Third-Body Polyethylene Damage, and Cup Positioning in Primary vs Revision Dual Mobility Total Hip Arthroplasty.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Abstract


BACKGROUND\nDual mobility (DM) articulations were introduced for total hip arthroplasty to reduce the risk of instability for patients who have a high risk of dislocation. The use of DM constructs in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty has been steadily increasing, leading to concerns regarding potential risks of fretting corrosion, polyethylene wear, metal release, and failure due to component positioning.\n\n\nMETHODS\nA total of 56 retrieved DM constructs were collected. The inner and outer polyethylene liner surfaces were assessed for 7 damage mechanisms, and fretting corrosion was evaluated for the femoral stem, head, and modular liner. Three polyethylene liners with the greatest amounts of embedded debris were examined using scanning electron microscopy. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used to determine the elemental content of the debris. Acetabular cup orientation was radiographically using the EBRA (Einzel-Bild-Roentgen-Analyse) method.\n\n\nRESULTS\nThe devices were revised most frequently for infection (36%), loosening (21%), and instability/dislocation (18%). The most common polyethylene damage mechanisms were scratching, pitting, burnishing, and embedded debris, and no difference in total damage was found between primary and revision cases. Scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that debris morphology and composition were consistent with porous titanium coating, resulting from cup loosening or broken screws and augments. A total of 71% and 50% of the constructs were determined to be within the Lewinnek safe zone for inclination and anteversion, respectively.\n\n\nCONCLUSION\nThe most notable mechanisms of surface damage were due to third-body debris, especially for the polyethylene surfaces which articulate against cobalt-chromium femoral heads and acetabular liners. Scratching of the femoral head and the metal liner from this debris may support the clinical use of ceramic for DM bearing surfaces in the future.

Volume None
Pages None
DOI 10.1016/j.arth.2021.01.035
Language English
Journal The Journal of arthroplasty

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