Asian journal of surgery | 2021

Does number of autotransplanted parathyroid glands affects postoperative hypoparathyroidism and serum parathyroid hormone levels?



BACKGROUND\nTo investigate how number of autotransplanted parathyroid glands (PGs) affects the incidence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism and the recovery of parathyroid function.\n\n\nMETHODS\nA systematic search was performed in the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. The evaluated indices included the incidence of postoperative transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels during follow-up.\n\n\nRESULTS\nTwenty articles with 7291 patients were included. A higher incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism was found in the PG autotransplantation group than in the preservation group (odds ratio [OR]: 2.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.90, 2.96). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups regarding permanent hypoparathyroidism (OR: 1.17; 95% CI: 0.71, 1.91). Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in the PG autotransplantation group changed significantly more than the preservation group at postoperative 1-day and 1-month, but became similar at the 6-month, 1-year and 2-year follow-up. Autotransplantation of 2 and 3\xa0PGs demonstrated a higher incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism than 1\xa0PG (OR: 2.09; 95% CI: 1.41, 3.11 and OR: 9.70; 95% CI: 2.11, 44.39, respectively), but no significant difference was observed between the autotransplantation of 3 and 2\xa0PGs (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.03, 29.06). Additionally, the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism was not significantly different when different number of PGs was autotransplanted.\n\n\nCONCLUSIONS\nPG autotransplantation is an effective mid- and long-term strategy for the preservation of parathyroid function. Although transient hypoparathyroidism was positively correlated with the number of autotransplanted PGs, no remarkable correlation was observed for permanent hypoparathyroidism.

Volume None
Pages None
DOI 10.1016/j.asjsur.2021.03.031
Language English
Journal Asian journal of surgery

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