Biochimica et biophysica acta. Biomembranes | 2019
The effects of radioprotectant and potential antioxidant agent amifostine on the structure and dynamics of DPPC and DPPG liposomes.
Agents capable of scavenging ROS have attracted attention recently because of their potential use as antioxidative agents. Amifostine, a ROS scavenger, has the potential to be used as an antioxidant in therapeutic applications. In this study, the effect of amifostine on neutral zwitterionic dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and anionic dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) model membranes structure and dynamics is aimed to be examined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Our results revealed that amifostine at concentrations used (1-24\u202fmol%) does not induce any important alteration in the shape of phase transition curve and phase transition temperature in the DPPC and DPPG membranes. High concentrations of amifostine slightly increased the acyl chain flexibility of DPPC membranes in the liquid crystalline phase and DPPG membranes in the gel phase. A lessening in the dynamics of DPPC liposomes was observed for all concentrations of amifostine in both phases but slight dual effect was observed only in the gel phase as a decrease in dynamics at low concentrations and an increase at higher concentrations of amifostine in DPPG liposomes. Additionally, strong hydrogen bonding was observed for both CO and PO2- groups in case of DPPC and for PO2- groups in case of DPPG. Dehydration around the CO regions occurred in case of DPPG. Accordingly, amifostine is proposed to be interacting strongly with zwitterionic and negatively charged membrane head groups and glycerol backbone in all concentrations and because of this interaction it causes some changes in lipid order and dynamics especially at high concentrations.