European journal of cancer | 2019

Safety and efficacy of durvalumab in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: results from a phase I/II expansion cohort.



INTRODUCTION\nDurvalumab selectively blocks programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) binding to programmed cell death-1. Encouraging clinical activity and manageable safety were reported in urothelial carcinoma, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HC)\xa0and small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) in a multicenter phase I/II study. Safety and clinical activity in recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) were evaluated in the expansion phase.\n\n\nMETHODS\nPatients received 10\xa0mg/kg of durvalumab intravenously every 2 weeks for 12 months or until confirmed progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objective was safety; clinical activity was a secondary objective.\n\n\nRESULTS\nSixty-two patients were enrolled and evaluable (received first dose ≥24 weeks before data cutoff). Median age was 57 years; 40.3% were human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive; 32.3% had tumour cell PD-L1 expression ≥25%, and 62.9% were current/former smokers. They had a median of 2 prior systemic treatments (range, 1-13). All-causality adverse events (AEs) occurred in 98.4%; drug-related AEs occurred in 59.7% and were grade III-IV in 9.7%. There were no drug-related discontinuations or deaths. Objective response rate (blinded independent central review) was 6.5% (15.0% for PD-L1 ≥25%, 2.6% for <25%). Median time to response was 2.7 months (range, 1.2-5.5); median duration was 12.4 months (range, 3.5-20.5+). Median progression-free survival was 1.4 months; median overall survival (OS) was 8.4 months. OS rate was 62% at 6 months and 38% at 12 months (42% for PD-L1 ≥25%, 36% for <25%).\n\n\nCONCLUSIONS\nDurvalumab safety in HNSCC was manageable and consistent with other cohorts of the study. Early, durable responses in these heavily pretreated patients warrant further investigation; phase III monotherapy and combination therapy studies are ongoing. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY: NCT01693562; MedImmune study 1108.

Volume 109
Pages \n 154-161\n
DOI 10.1016/j.ejca.2018.12.029
Language English
Journal European journal of cancer

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