Hellenic journal of cardiology : HJC = Hellenike kardiologike epitheorese | 2019

Recurrent atherosclerosis complications as a mechanism for stent failure.



Stents are an indispensable tool in the percutaneous treatment of symptomatic coronary artery disease. Yet, stent failure due to restenosis or thrombosis may compromise their clinical benefit, carrying substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite improvements in device design and adjunctive medical treatment, stent failure still occurs during long-term follow-up, suggesting that this may be an issue that persists for many years, perhaps indefinitely. Numerous studies during the last decade have highlighted the previously underappreciated pivotal role of atherosclerosis in stent failure. We review evolving evidence on the role of atherosclerosis in stent restenosis and thrombosis, differentiating between de novo in-stent atherosclerosis development (i.e., neoatherosclerosis) and progression of pre-existing underlying atherosclerosis (i.e., paleoatherosclerosis), a distinction with potentially important clinical implications. We conclude with a concept that provides a unifying pathophysiology for these significant problems in the field of interventional cardiology based on the progression and destabilization of atherosclerosis.

Volume None
Pages None
DOI 10.1016/j.hjc.2019.04.007
Language English
Journal Hellenic journal of cardiology : HJC = Hellenike kardiologike epitheorese

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