Medical dosimetry : official journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists | 2019
Dosimetric considerations when utilizing Venezia, Capri, Rotte double tandem, and tandem and ring with interstitial needles for the treatment of gynecological cancers with high dose rate brachytherapy.
This work evaluated the difference in dosimetry of high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy treatments between plans using advanced multichannel applicators and simplified base versions. Eighteen HDR patients treated using Interstitial Ring CT/MR Applicator Set (Elekta Brachytherapy, Netherlands) (TRN) (21 plans), CapriTM Applicator Set (Varian Medical Systems, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) (CC) (19 plans), Rotte Endometrial Applicator Set (Elekta Brachytherapy, Netherlands) (RDT) (18 plans), and the Advanced Gynecological Applicator Venezia (Vz) (Elekta Brachytherapy, Netherlands) (6 plans) were retrospectively reviewed. For each plan, advanced channels including any interstitial channels, the 12 noncentral channels in the CC, and the lateral extending aspects of the RDT were removed and a new plan with the original inverse planning settings was optimized using only the remaining simplified applicator and compared to the original. The new plans were renormalized to match the original percent dose to 90% of the high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV). Critical structures included bladder, rectum, sigmoid colon, and small bowel. Comparisons were made utilizing dose volume histograms of HR-CTVs, conformation number (CN), and the equivalent total dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2) to 2 cm3 of the normal structures. Comparing simplified to advanced plans, the average percent differences in EQD2 to 2 cm3 for Vz, with 95% confidence interval, were 101.7 ± 85.9%, 147.8 ± 76.7%, 95.3 ± 61.6%, and 44.0 ± 12.4% for Rectum, Bladder, Sigmoid, and Bowel, respectively. For TRN: 36.9 ± 18.5%, 38.2 ± 14.5%, 20.3 ± 8.8%, and 15.3 ± 8.2%. For CC: 18.9 ± 3.7%, 12.3 ± 5.3%, 27.8 ± 7.1%, and 17.1 ± 3.6%. For RDT: 1.5 ± 6.8%, 7.4 ± 6.7%, 11.1 ± 4.4%, and 8.0 ± 8.7%. The CN was better in advanced applications by 0.024 for RDT, 0.104 for TRN, 0.043 for CC, and 0.251 for Vz (all p < 0.05). Advanced multichannel treatments allow better target dose conformation and normal tissue dose manipulation. The biggest factors influencing the brachytherapy dose distributions are the number of available channels and their separation from each other within the target.