Microbiological research | 2021
Trichoderma asperellum xylanases promote growth and induce resistance in poplar.
Xylanase secreted by Trichoderma asperellum ACCC30536 can stimulate the systemic resistance of host plants against pathogenic fungi. Following T. asperellum conidia co-culture with Populus davidiana × P. alba var. pyramidalis Louche (PdPap) seedlings, the expression of xylanases TasXyn29.4 and TasXyn24.2 in T. asperellum were upregulated, peaking at 12 h, by 106 (26.74) and 10.1 (23.34)-fold compared with the control, respectively. However, the expression of TasXyn24.4 and TasXyn24.0 was not detected. When recombinant xylanases rTasXyn29.4 and rTasXyn24.2 were heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115, their activities reached 18.9 IU/mL and 20.4 IU/mL, respectively. In PdPap seedlings induced by rTasXyn29.4 and rTasXyn24.2, the auxin and jasmonic acid signaling pathways were activated to promote growth and enhance resistance against pathogens. PdPap seedlings treated with both xylanases showed increased methyl jasmonate contents at 12 hpi, reaching 122 % (127 μg/g) compared with the control. However, neither of the xylanases could induce the salicylic acid signaling pathway in PdPap seedlings. Meanwhile, both xylanases could enhance the antioxidant ability of PdPap seedlings by improving their catalase activity. Both xylanases significantly induced systemic resistance of PdPap seedlings against Alternaria alternata, Rhizoctonia solani, and Fusarium oxysporum. However, the xylanases could only be sensed by the roots of the PdPap seedlings, not the leaves. In summary, rTasXyn29.4 and rTasXyn24.2 from T. asperellum ACCC30536 promoted growth and induced systemic resistance of PdPap seedlings, which endowed the PdPap seedlings broad-spectrum resistance to phytopathogens.