Progress in lipid research | 2019

Functional diversity of glycerolipid acylhydrolases in plant metabolism and physiology.



Most current knowledge about plant lipid metabolism has focused on the biosynthesis of lipids and their transport between different organelles. However, lipid composition changes during development and in response to environmental cues often go beyond adjustments of lipid biosynthesis. When lipids have to be removed to adjust the extent of membranes during down regulation of photosynthesis, or lipid composition has to be adjusted to alter the biophysical properties of membranes, or lipid derived chemical signals have to be produced, lipid-degrading enzymes come into play. This review focuses on glycerolipid acylhydrolases that remove acyl groups from glycerolipids and will highlight their roles in lipid remodeling and lipid-derived signal generation. One emerging theme is that these enzymes are involved in the dynamic movement of acyl groups through different lipid pools, for example from polar membrane lipids to neutral lipids sequestered in lipid droplets during de novo triacylglycerol synthesis. Another example of acyl group sequestration in the form of triacylglycerols in lipid droplets is membrane lipid remodeling in response to abiotic stresses. Fatty acids released for membrane lipids can also give rise to potent signaling molecules and acylhydrolases are therefore often the first step in initiating the formation of these lipid signals.

Volume None
Pages \n 100994\n
DOI 10.1016/j.plipres.2019.100994
Language English
Journal Progress in lipid research

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