The Science of the total environment | 2021

Green toxicological investigation for biofuel candidates.



To avoid potential risks of biofuels on the environment and human, ecotoxicity investigation should be integrated into the early design stage for promising biofuel candidates. In the present study, a green toxicology testing strategy combining experimental bioassays with in silico tools was established to investigate the potential ecotoxicity of biofuel candidates. Experimental results obtained from the acute immobilisation test, the fish embryo acute toxicity test and the in vitro micronucleus assay (Chinese hamster lung fibroblast cell line V79) were compared with model prediction results by ECOSAR and OECD QSAR Toolbox. Both our experimental and model prediction results showed that 1-Octanol (1-Oct) and Di-n-butyl ether (DNBE) were the most toxic to Daphnia magna and zebrafish among all the biofuel candidates we investigated, while Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), Dimethoxymethane (DMM) and Diethoxymethane (DEM) were the least toxic. Moreover, both in vitro micronucleus assay and OECD QSAR Toolbox evaluation suggested that the metabolites present higher genotoxicity than biofuel candidates themselves. Overall, our results proved that this green toxicology testing strategy is a useful tool for assessing ecotoxicity of biofuel candidates.

Volume 764
Pages \n 142902\n
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142902
Language English
Journal The Science of the total environment

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