Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical | 2021

Development of an ultrasensitive fluorescent immunochromatographic assay based on multilayer quantum dot nanobead for simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 antigen and influenza A virus

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Abstract


\n Rapid and accurate diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and influenza A virus (FluA) antigens in the early stages of virus infection is the key to control the epidemic spread. Here, we developed a two-channel fluorescent immunochromatographic assay (ICA) for ultrasensitive and simultaneous qualification of the two viruses in biological samples. A high-performance quantum dot nanobead (QB) was fabricated by adsorption of multilayers of dense quantum dots (QDs) onto the SiO2 surface and used as the highly luminescent label of the ICA system to ensure the high-sensitivity and stability of the assay. The combination of monodispersed SiO2 core (∼180\u2009nm) and numerous carboxylated QDs formed a hierarchical shell, which ensured that the QBs possessed excellent stability, superior fluorescence signal, and convenient surface functionalization. The developed ICA biosensor achieved simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 and FluA in one test within 15\u2009min, with detection limits reaching 5\u2009pg/mL for SARS-CoV-2 antigen and 50 pfu/mL for FluA H1N1. Moreover, our method showed high accuracy and specificity in throat swab samples with two orders of magnitude improvement in sensitivity compared with traditional AuNP-based ICA method. Hence, the proposed method is a promising and convenient tool for detection of respiratory viruses.\n

Volume 345
Pages 130372 - 130372
DOI 10.1016/j.snb.2021.130372
Language English
Journal Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical

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