Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports | 2019

Prevalence of antibodies to ganglioside and Hep 2 in Gaucher, Niemann – Pick type C and Sanfilippo diseases



Lysosomal Storage Diseases (LSDs) are rare genetic diseases, the majority of which are caused by specific lysosomal enzyme deficiencies and all are characterized by malfunctioning lysosomes. Lysosomes are key regulators of many different cellular processes and are vital for the function of the immune system. Several studies have shown the coexistence of LSDs and immune abnormalities. In this study, we investigated the presence of autoantibodies in the plasma of patients with Gaucher disease (GD; n\u202f=\u202f6), Sanfilippo Syndrome B (SFB; n\u202f=\u202f8) and Niemann – Pick type C disease (NPC; n\u202f=\u202f5) before and following Miglustat treatment (n\u202f=\u202f3). All were examined for antibodies to antigens of Hep-2 cells and antiganglioside antibodies (AGSA). No autoantibodies were detected in GD patients. 3/8 SFB patients showed only AGSA (2/3 IgM / IgG; 1/3 IgG), 3/8 only anti-Sm E/F and 2/8 showed both IgM / IgG or IgG AGSA and anti-Sm E/F. 3/5 NPC patients showed AGSA (2/3 IgM and IgG, 1/3 IgM) and one anti-Sm E/F and IgM AGSA. Following treatment one patient with no AGSA developed IgM AGSA and two with both IgG and IgM showed only IgG AGSA. In our study, investigating similar numbers of patients, autoantibodies were observed in NPC and SFB patients but not in GD patients. Our findings suggest that, independently of the development of an autoimmune disease in patients with LSDs, there seems to be an autoimmune activation that differs in different disorders. Further studies including more patients, also at different stages of disease and treatment, are needed in order to get further insight into the immune irregularities associated with different LSDs and their significance.

Volume 20
Pages None
DOI 10.1016/j.ymgmr.2019.100477
Language English
Journal Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports

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