ACS applied materials & interfaces | 2019

Cu5Pt Dodecahedra with Low-Pt Content: Facile Synthesis and Outstanding Formic Acid Electrooxidation.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Abstract


Tailoring composition and structure are significantly important to improve the utilization and optimize the performance of the precious Pt catalyst toward various reactions, which greatly relies on the feasible synthesis approach. Herein, we demonstrate that Cu-rich Cu5Pt alloys with unique excavated dodecahedral frame-like structure (Cu5Pt nanoframes) can be synthesized via simply adjusting the amounts of salt precursors and surfactants under hydrothermal conditions. It is established that the presence of hexamethylenetetramine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, as well as the selection of a proper Pt/Cu ratio are key for the acquisition of the target product. The immediate appeal of this material stems from frame-like architecture and ultralow Pt content involved, which can be used to greatly improve the utilization efficiency of Pt atoms. When benchmarked against commercial catalysts, the developed Cu5Pt nanostructures display superior electrocatalytic performance toward formic acid oxidation, owing to unique electronic effect and ensemble effect. This work elucidates a promising methodology for the synthesis of Pt-based nanostructures while highlights the significance of composition and structure in electrocatalysis.

Volume None
Pages None
DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b09153
Language English
Journal ACS applied materials & interfaces

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