Biomacromolecules | 2019

Tumor Chemosensitization through Oncogene Knockdown Mediated by Unique α-Tocopherylated Cationic Geminis.



Herein, siRNA transfection efficiency of a unique set of α-tocopherylated gemini lipids has been established in vitro and in vivo. High efficacy of oncogene silencing achieved using the biomacromolecular assembly, formed from siRNA complexes of co-liposomes containing an α-tocopherylated gemini lipid, has been utilized for tumor regression via chemosensitization. Delivery studies with the gemini bearing hydroxyethyl headgroup with octamethylene spacer (TH8S) pointed to a higher siRNA transfection efficacy than its analog without hydroxyethyl group (T8S). Owing to p53 upregulation, transfected cells showed enhanced sensitivity to the chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin. Studies in murine model revealed significantly low levels of survivin mRNA in xenograft tumors injected with siRNA lipoplexes, leading to effective inhibition of tumor growth and an increase in sensitivity of the tumors toward doxorubicin. These findings enable us to propose the anti-survivin siRNA carrying TH8S co-liposomes as a potent member of cancer management strategies using suicide gene therapy.

Volume 20 4
Pages \n 1555-1566\n
DOI 10.1021/acs.biomac.8b01751
Language English
Journal Biomacromolecules

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