Substance Use & Misuse | 2021

The Validity of the Short Inventory of Problems and Drinking Intensity among Urban American Indian Adults



Abstract Background American Indian (AI) adults have both high prevalence rates of alcohol abstinence and alcohol use disorders compared to non-Hispanic White adults. We investigated the applicability and validity of the Short Inventory of Problems (SIP) among AI urban adults and the moderating effect of biological sex. Methods AI adults from three Alcoholics Anonymous samples (n\u2009=\u2009124) provided baseline, 3-, 6- and 9-month data. Measures included Form 90 and the SIP, which includes 5 domains of alcohol-related negative consequences including interpersonal, intrapersonal, physical, impulse control and social. Drinking frequency and intensity were assessed by percent days abstinent (PDA) and drinks per drinking day (DPDD). Results Cronbach alphas of the SIP were similar between urban AI adults and the mainstream treatment-seeking population reported in the SIP manual. DPDD was a significant and positive predictor of all five SIP scales collected 9-months later. Higher PDA was significantly and negatively associated with later consequences, and all 5 SIP scales. Moderation tests indicated that the association between consequences and drinking intensity was stronger for AI females with fewer drinking days resulting in significantly fewer consequences for AI males relative to AI females. Conclusions Findings highlight the acceptability of SIP as a measure to assess drinking related consequences among AI urban adults, with clinical implications related to alcohol use and sex. Further research is warranted to examine differential drinking related outcomes among AI men and women in addition to adaptations of the SIP that more fully capture the range of negative drinking consequences.

Volume 56
Pages 501 - 509
DOI 10.1080/10826084.2021.1883656
Language English
Journal Substance Use & Misuse

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