International Journal of Health Promotion and Education | 2019




Welcome to this issue of the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. We hope you enjoy reading this interesting selection of papers from Iran, North American, Rwanda and Chile, respectively. The first paper in this issue explores the effects of an empowerment programme based on the Health Belief Model on care behaviours of preterm infants’ mothers. This study, by Ghomi et al., was carried out with women who had preterm infants being cared for in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Iran. Ghomi et al.’s findings suggest that empowerment programmes based on the Health Belief Model have the potential to positively affect factors such as perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, self-efficacy and knowledge. They argue that, in consequence, the care behaviours of preterm infants’ mothers may be improved and that they may be better prepared to take care of their infants after they are discharged from the hospital. The importance of such findings is clear since neonatal health is such an important public health issue, particularly in lowand middle-income countries where infant mortality and morbidity is high. This study also brings to bear the importance of empowerment which is a central plank of health promotion. The next paper by Jung explores the influence of a school-based nutrition education programme on healthy eating literacy and healthy food choice among primary school children. Childhood obesity and overweight continue to be a major public health issue in many countries of the global north bringing numerous shortand long-term risks to those affected. This study carried out in the United States of America, evaluated the effectiveness of the ‘Healthy Highway Program’ designed to improve healthy eating knowledge and food choices using a number of innovative methods. The findings suggest that the intervention had several positive outcomes including an increase in knowledge regarding healthier food choices. Importantly for health promotion, the authors also acknowledge the role that the environmental and policy level interventions have to play in tackling this serious issue highlighting how the responsibility for doing so lies with everyone. Focusing on another important global health priority, the third paper is from Rwanda and presents the best practices and lessons learned from a short course on conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for Non-Communicable Disease Program Managers. Like other low-income countries, Rwanda is experiencing an increase in the number of people living with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as epidemiological transition occurs resulting in NCDs (collectively) becoming the leading cause of death in Rwanda. As this paper shows, addressing this issue requires a competent workforce and health system both of which need developing and strengthening. The authors argue that inter-sectoral approaches are vital for achieving change and discuss this specifically in relation to the Rwandan context however, the lessons learned are likely transferable to other countries. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH PROMOTION AND EDUCATION 2019, VOL. 57, NO. 2, 53–54

Volume 57
Pages 53 - 54
DOI 10.1080/14635240.2019.1568507
Language English
Journal International Journal of Health Promotion and Education

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