Medicine | 2021
The combination therapy of subtenon triamcinolone acetonide injection and intravitreal brolucizumab for brolucizumab-related intraocular inflammation
Abstract Rationale: Brolucizumab is a novel anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agent with clinical trials demonstrating excellent efficacy for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in both visual and anatomic outcomes. However, there is concern of intraocular inflammation (IOI), and we propose concurrent subtenon triamcinolone acetonide (STTA) to prevent IOI. Patient concern: A 73-year-old man was treated with aflibercept for neovascular AMD in his right eye. Despite 11\u200amonths of monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections, optical coherence tomography demonstrated persistent exudation. Ten days following his second brolucizumab injection, the patient presented with decreased vision due to vitritis in his right eye Diagnosis: Brolucizumab-related IOI in neovascular AMD refractory to aflibercept. Interventions: A combination therapy involving of intravitreal brolucizumab and STTA Outcomes: The anti-vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor was changed back to aflibercept; however, exudation persisted. Therefore, a combination therapy involving STTA (5\u200amg/0.5\u200amL) and intravitreal injection of brolucizumab (6.0\u200amg/0.05\u200amL) was performed to treat the exudation and as prophylaxis to recurrent IOI. Combination therapy achieved no recurrent IOI and resolution of exudation with 8-week treatment intervals. Lessons: This case might indicate that STTA is not only an optimal treatment option for brolucizumab-related IOI but also a preventive agent for this condition.