Pancreas | 2019

Severe Hypertriglyceridemia-Related Pancreatitis: Characteristics and Predictors of Recurrence



Objectives The diagnosis of severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) as a cause for acute pancreatitis is often delayed with limited data on the characteristics and predictors of recurrent pancreatitis in this population. Methods A regional database of severe HTG level of 1000 mg/dL or greater was analyzed to identify subjects with acute pancreatitis. Factors associated with recurrent pancreatitis during long-term follow-up were investigated. Results Severe HTG-associated pancreatitis was evident in 171 patients (75% diabetics). Recurrent pancreatitis was observed in 16%; this was associated with younger age, alcohol abuse, and an increase in triglyceride levels. In multivariable analysis, peak triglycerides level of greater than 3000 mg/dL (hazard ratio, 2.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.28–6.64; P = 0.011) and most recent triglycerides level of greater than 500 mg/dL (hazard ratio, 3.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.60–8.66; P = 0.002) remained independently associated with recurrent pancreatitis. These lipid measures as well as alcohol abuse were additionally correlated with a stepwise increase in the number of pancreatitis episodes. Conclusions Severe HTG-related pancreatitis was closely associated with diabetes. Extreme HTG and a lack of attainment of lower triglyceride levels were independent long-term predictors of recurrent pancreatitis. These findings emphasize the importance of early identification and successful treatment of severe HTG and its underlying disorders to reduce the burden of recurrent pancreatitis.

Volume 48
Pages 182–186
DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000001235
Language English
Journal Pancreas

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