Pancreas | 2019

Chronic Asymptomatic Pancreatic Hyperenzymemia: A Long-term Follow-up



Objectives Chronic asymptomatic pancreatic hyperenzymemia (CAPH) was described as a benign disease. However, we already described clinically relevant findings requiring surgery or follow-up in half of the subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of CAPH in terms of symptoms and evolution toward chronic pancreatitis. Methods Subjects previously enrolled in the first phase of the study (from 2005 to 2010) were reinvestigated from December 2013 to January 2017 with a phone call ± magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography with secretin stimulation. Results A total of 133 subjects were eligible for the follow-up study (75 males, 58 females; age, 48.4 [standard deviation {SD}, 14] years); 24 (18%) of them dropped out. During a mean follow-up of 9.3 (SD, 5.2) years after the first diagnosis of CAPH, no episode of acute pancreatitis or abdominal pain was reported. Sixty-three subjects (58%) of 109 underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography with secretin stimulation with a mean follow-up of 5.7 [SD, 3.1] years (range, 1–11 years). Secretin stimulation-MRCP resulted unchanged in 54 (90%) of 60 subjects, worsened in 3 (5%) and improved in 3 (5%). Two subjects died from causes unrelated to pancreatic disease. Conclusions Excluding subjects with a pancreatic disease at index magnetic resonance imaging, CAPH is a benign condition.

Volume 48
Pages 544–547
DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000001272
Language English
Journal Pancreas

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