Pancreas | 2019

Pancreatic Function in Chronic Pancreatitis



Supplemental digital content is available in the text. Objectives Reliable pancreatic function tests in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) are needed. This cohort study identified malabsorption in people with CP compared with healthy people and then investigated short-term pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) and fat malabsorption, nutritional status, and quality of life (QOL). Methods Subjects with CP were evaluated before and after PERT and compared with the healthy cohort using coefficient of fat absorption (CFA), stool bomb calorimetry, and the malabsorption blood test (MBT). Anthropometrics, micronutrients, and QOL data were collected. Group means at baseline and after PERT were analyzed. Results The 24 subjects with CP had greater stool energy loss (5668 cal/g [standard deviation {SD}, 753] vs 5152 cal/g [SD, 418], P < 0.01), reduced triglyceride absorption (MBT, 8.3 mg·h/dL [SD, 4.3] vs 17.7 mg·h/dL [SD, 10.3], P < 0.001), lower fat intake, and poorer QOL. Differences in CFA were not significant (90.9% [SD, 12.8] vs 95.4% [SD, 9.3]). After PERT, triglyceride absorption (Δ = 1.7 [SD, 3], P < 0.05) and QOL increased. Conclusions The MBT detected changes in triglyceride absorption in the absence of CFA changes. The MBT may be helpful in guiding PERT initiation in patients with CP before significant morbidity.

Volume 48
Pages 1068 - 1078
DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000001381
Language English
Journal Pancreas

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