Pancreas | 2019

Portal Vein Thrombosis After Total Pancreatectomy and Islet Autotransplant: Prophylaxis and Graft Impact.



OBJECTIVES\nTo determine the rate of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) based on pharmacologic prophylaxis protocol and the impact of PVT on islet graft function after total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT).\n\n\nMETHODS\nWe compared the incidence of PVT, postsurgical bleeding, and thrombotic complications in patients undergoing TPIAT between 2001 and 2018 at the University of Minnesota who received either unfractionated heparin (UFH) or enoxaparin for postoperative PVT prophylaxis. Six-month and 1-year graft function was compared between patients who developed PVT and those who did not.\n\n\nRESULTS\nTwelve patients (6.6%) developed a PVT, which resolved by 6 months after TPIAT in 10 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in PVT rate between patients who received UFH or enoxaparin for prophylaxis (P = 0.54). Patients who received enoxaparin developed other thrombotic complications more often (6% vs 0%, P = 0.02). Islet graft function did not differ in patients who developed PVT versus those who did not.\n\n\nCONCLUSIONS\nThere was no difference between enoxaparin or UFH prophylaxis in preventing PVT, but there may be a higher incidence of other thrombotic complications with enoxaparin. In the setting of routine screening and anticoagulation therapy, PVT is a self-limited process.

Volume 48 10
Pages \n 1329-1333\n
DOI 10.1097/MPA.0000000000001421
Language English
Journal Pancreas

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