bioRxiv | 2021
Synergistic interactions between Stachybotrys chartarum and other indoor fungal species in moisture-damaged houses
The interactions between six commonly occurring fungal species in damp or water-damaged houses in southern California were studied. These fungal species were Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus niger, Chaetomium globosum, Cladosporium herbarum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Stachybotrys chartarum. In the damp building materials, S. chartarum was found to be associated with A. niger, C. globosum, and P. chrysogenum but not with A. alternata and C. herbarum. Stachybotrys chartarum showed strong antagonistic effect against A. alternata and C. herbarum and significantly inhibited in vitro growth of A. alternata and C. herbarum but had no effect on A. niger, C. globosum, and P. chrysogenum. Two trichothecenes, produced by S. chartarum, trichodermin and trichodermol, significantly inhibited spore germination and in vitro growth of A. alternata and C. herbarum but had no effect on A. niger, C. globosum, P. chrysogenum and S. chartarum. In the damp building materials (drywall, ceiling tile, and oak woods), S. chartarum significantly inhibited the growth of A. alternata and C. herbarum and had no effect on the growth and colonization of A. niger, C. globosum, P. chrysogenum in these substrata.