Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry | 2019
029\u2005Time equals brain – retrospective analysis of thrombolysis in regional australia to determine factors which influence door to needle time
Introduction Minimising delay in thrombolysis is a key outcome in acute stroke care. Methods A 3 year retrospective cohort analysis of all acute stroke admissions in Wollongong Hospital, a major regional referral centre in New South Wales, was completed to determine the causes of in-hospital delays for thrombolysis. Data collected included age, baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, onset time, arrival time, CT imaging & reporting time and outcomes of the event. Results From 656 admissions, 70 cases of thrombolysis were recorded 56 cases of endovascular thrombectomy. The mean time from onset to arrival was 85 minutes, from arrival to CT was 31 minutes and from door to needle time (DNT) was 108 minutes. Multiple regression analysis revealed a an inverse linear association between onset to arrival time and DNT. Age, stroke severity and gender were not shown to impact treatment times. The results showed that there was a paradoxical association between arrival time and DNT. The cause for this was not clearly identified but similar to previous studies is likely to be contributed by a lack of urgency when initiating management.1 2 Conclusion For every 30-minute delay in hospital arrival, there was a 13- minute reduction in DNT. In light of this, education trials to promote ‘time equals brain’ understanding amongst stroke first responders is being implemented to aim to reduce DNT to less than 80 minutes. The results of this are anticipated to be available in mid 2019. References Albers GW, Bates VE, Clark WM. Intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator for treatment of acute stroke: The Standard Treatment with Alteplase to Reverse Stroke (STARS) Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 2000; 283:1145–1150. Romano JG, Muller N, Merino JG, Forteza AM, Koch S, Rabinstein AA. In-hospital delays to stroke thrombolysis: paradoxical effct of early arrival. Neurological Research 2007;29:664–666.