Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes | 2019
More- Versus Less-Intensive Lipid-Lowering Therapy.
BACKGROUND\nIt has not been yet adequately addressed whether the addition of the nonstatin LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol)-lowering agents on top of statins has the same magnitude of risk reduction in the cardiovascular events as compared with more-intensive statin therapy.\n\n\nMETHODS AND RESULTS\nWe performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs (randomized controlled trials) comparing more- versus less-intensive lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) on clinical outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk. We included 23 studies involving 133\u2009037 patients (more-intensive LLT: 67\u2009691 patients and less-intensive LLT: 65\u2009346 patients). We evaluated 3 types of more- versus less-intensive LLT including more versus less statins (57\u2009672 patients), combination therapy of ezetimibe versus statins alone (20\u2009688 patients), or a PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9) inhibitor with statins versus statins alone (54\u2009677 patients). The odds for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; equivalent to the composite of coronary heart death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or coronary revascularization) were significantly lower in the more-intensive LLT group compared with the less-intensive LLT group in the entire study population (odds ratio, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.79-0.88; P<0.001), and in all the 3 categories of more-intensive LLT strategies (more-intensive statin therapy: odds ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.76-0.90; P<0.001, ezetimibe: odds ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.85-0.96; P<0.001, and PCSK9 inhibitors: odds ratio, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.73-0.90; P<0.001) with numerically greater relative odds reduction by more-intensive statin therapy and PCSK9 inhibitors than by ezetimibe. Odds reduction for MACE per 20 mg/dL LDL-C reduction was also different across the 3 types of more-intensive LLT (more-intensive statin therapy: 17.4%, ezetimibe: 11.0%, and PCSK9 inhibitors: 6.6%).\n\n\nCONCLUSIONS\nIn this meta-analysis, more-intensive LLT as compared with less-intensive LLT was associated with significant odds reduction for MACE in the entire study population and in all the 3 categories of more-intensive LLT such as more-intensive statin therapy, ezetimibe, and PCSK9 inhibitors. However, overall odds reduction for MACE and odds reduction for MACE per 20 mg/dL LDL-C reduction were different across the 3 types of more-intensive LLT. Registration: URLs: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ and http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr. Unique identifiers: PROSPERO: CRD42018081196, and UMIN-CTR: R000036229.