Journal of Clinical Oncology | 2021
The efficacy and safety of irinotecan plus doxorubicin liposome in relapsed/refractory Wilms’ tumors: A retrospective study.
e22007 Background: To evaluate the efficacy of the regimen of combination of irinotecan and doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in relapsed/refractory pediatric Wilms’ tumor. Life quality and toxicity are seriously considered and assessed. Methods: The project stipulated 5-day course of irinotecan 50 mg/m2 (90-minute infusion) and doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome 40mg/m2 every 3 weeks. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was applied when the number of neutrophil count was lower than 1,000/ L. Results: 16 patients received 1to 8 courses (median, 3 courses) of this regimen, including 8 males and 8 females, with a median age of 4.2 years old (range, 0.5-11) . 2 patients were not assessable for response (1were treated in third CR, and 1with refractory WT received only one course as part of complex salvage regimens). Of 14 patients treated for relapsed or refractory Wilms’ tumor and accessed for response, 2 patients had complete responses (CR), 5 patients had partial responses (PR). Of 2 patients had stable diseases (SD), including 1 patient showed objective response on pulmonary lesion. The disease control rate was 64% (2 CR, 5 PR, and 2 SD), and the objective response rate was 50% (2 CR, 5 PR). The median progression-free survival was 3.5 months (range 0.5-12), and the median survival duration was 8 months (range 1-28). Myelosuppressive and gastrointestinal adverse effects were self-limited and clinically controllable with routinely intervention, and this therapeutic regimen was generally continued without delayed therapy. Multiple courses of this regimen had no cumulative toxicity and achieved disease control in relapsed or refractory Wilms’ tumor. Conclusions: The regimen of combination of irinotecan and doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has positive effect on relapsed/refractory Wilms’ tumor with gentle toxicity without reducing the efficacy, and achieves good quality of life.