PLoS ONE | 2019
The impacts of parity on lung function data (LFD) of healthy females aged 40 years and more issued from an upper middle income country (Algeria): A comparative study
Background Studies evaluating the impacts of parity on LFD of healthy females presented controversial conclusions. Aim To compare the LFD of healthy females broken down according to their parities. Methods A medical questionnaire was administered and anthropometric data were determined. Two groups [G1 (n = 34): ≤ 6; G2 (n = 32): > 6] and three classes [C1 (n = 15): 1–4; C2 (n = 28): 5–8; C3 (n = 23): 9–14] of parities were identified. LFD (plethysmography, specific airway resistance (sRaw)] were determined. Student’s t-test and ANOVA test with post-Hoc test were used to compare the two groups’ and the three classes’ data. Results G1 and G2 were age and height matched; however, compared to G1, G2 had a lower body mass index (BMI). C1, C2 and C3 were height, weight and BMI matched; however, compared to C2, C3 was older. G1 and G2 had similar values of FEV1, forced- and slow- vital capacities (FVC, SVC), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), forced expiratory flow at x% of FVC (FEFx%), peak expiratory flow (PEF), expiratory and inspiratory reserve volumes (ERV, IRV, respectively), inspiratory capacity (IC), sRaw, FEV1/FVC, FEV1/SVC, and residual volume/total lung capacity (RV/TLC). The three classes had similar values of MMEF, FEFx%, PEF, thoracic gas volume (TGV), ERV, IRV, FEV1/FVC, FEV1/SVC and RV/TLC. Compared to G1, G2 had higher TGV (2.68±0.43 vs. 3.00±0.47 L), RV (1.80±0.29 vs. 2.04±0.33 L) and TLC (4.77±0.62 vs. 5.11±0.67 L). Compared to C1, C2 had higher FEV1 (2.14±0.56 vs. 2.47±0.33 L), FVC (2.72±0.65 vs. 3.19±0.41 L), SVC (2.74±0.61 vs. 3.24±0.41 L), TLC (4.47±0.59 vs. 5.10±0.58 L), IC (1.92±0.41 vs. 2.34±0.39 L) and sRaw (4.70±1.32 vs. 5.75±1.18 kPa*s). Compared to C1, C3 had higher TLC (4.47±0.59 vs. 5.05±0.68 L) and RV (1.75±0.29 vs. 2.04±0.30 L). Conclusion Increasing parity induced a tendency towards lung-hyperinflation.