Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie | 2019

Lead Remediation Using Smart Materials. A Review



Abstract The nanoparticles have been prepared and employed as excellent adsorbents for the sequestration of heavy metal ions and hazardous impurities from the aqueous media. The surface morphological, textural and structural properties of nanoparticles have been modified, which are capable and potentially useful for the remediation of metal ions. Several metals (oxides, doped, nanocomposites of Fe, Ti, Zn, SiO2, SiC, Mo, Co, Ni, Zr, Mn, Si, S, Al, Cu, Ce, graphene, CNTs) were reported an efficient adsorbents for the removal of lead (Pb) ions from aqueous media and polluted water. The present review focuses on different kinds of nanoparticles such as metal oxides, carbon based and host supported employed for removal of Pb ions under varying experimental conditions such as pH, temperature, contact time and concentrations. The preparation strategies, physicochemical properties and adsorption are also discussed. Based on studies, it was found that the smart materials are affective adsorbents for the purification of wastewater containing Pb ions and could possibly extended for the remediation of other heavy metal ions.

Volume 233
Pages 1377 - 1409
DOI 10.1515/zpch-2018-1205
Language English
Journal Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

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