Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie | 2019

Hydrothermal Synthesis of Zinc Doped Nickel Ferrites: Evaluation of Structural, Magnetic and Dielectric Properties

 
 
 
 
 
 

Abstract


Abstract Nickel–zinc ferrites are soft magnetic materials that have different technological applications due to their low magnetic coercivity, high electrical resistivity and low eddy current loss. The soft ferrites are the best for manufacturing core of power transformers, recording heads, data storage devices, telecommunication equipment, media devices, microwaves and electronic devices. In current investigation, a series of zinc doped nickel ferrites (ZnxNi1−xFe2O4, x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) were prepared by hydrothermal method (at 220 °C, 16 h). The structural, magnetic and dielectric properties were measured. X-ray diffractometer and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to analyze the structural properties and structure of zinc doped nickel ferrites was spinel. As the concentration of Zn was increased, the structural properties (lattice constant, density, dislocation density, radii of tetra and octahedral sites and oxygen positional parameters) were also changed. FTIR results showed the strongest absorption band at 500–600 cm−1, which indicate the intrinsic stretching vibration of Zn+2 ↔ O bond (Mtetra ↔ O) at tetrahedral site. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) was used to measure magnetic properties and it was observed that the value of saturation magnetization increased with Zn concentration. The investigation of frequency dependent dielectric property was measured by Impedance Analyzer. Dielectric constant and tangent loss decreased at higher frequency, whereas AC conductivity increased with frequency.

Volume 233
Pages 1411 - 1430
DOI 10.1515/zpch-2018-1305
Language English
Journal Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

Full Text