Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie | 2019

Water Adsorption on Ideal Anatase-TiO2(101) – An Embedded Cluster Model for Accurate Adsorption Energetics and Excited State Properties



Abstract A combined theoretical approach towards the accurate description of water on anatase-TiO2(101) was pursued in this study. Firstly, periodic slab calculations on the basis of density hybrid functionals (PBE0, HSE06) were performed in order to gain insight into the adsorption sites and geometric structure of the surface. For submonolayer coverage of H2O, the molecular adsorption of water is found to be the most stable one with quite similar energetics in PBE0 and HSE06. Moreover, the transition states towards the less preferred dissociative adsorption forms are predicted to be greater than 0.7 eV. Thus, water will not spontaneously dissociate and based on the Computational Hydrogen Electrode model an overpotential of about 1.71 V is needed to drive the overall oxidation. In addition, to validate our results for molecular adsorption of H2O, an embedded cluster model is carefully evaluated for the a-TiO2(101) surface based on the periodic slab calculations. Subsequent high-level DLPNO-CCSD(T) results are in close agreement with our periodic slab calculations since the interaction is found to mainly consist of electrostatic contributions which are captured by hybrid functionals. Finally, first results on optimized geometries in the excited state based on the photogenerated charge-transfer state are presented.

Volume 234
Pages 813 - 834
DOI 10.1515/zpch-2019-1425
Language English
Journal Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie

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