Khirurgiia | 2021
[Prevention and treatment of postoperative hypoparathyroidism].
Hypoparathyroidism is a failure of parathyroid glands characterized by reduced serum concentration of parathyroid hormone, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is resection or damage to parathyroid glands during thyroid surgery. Postoperative hypoparathyroidism is still an urgent problem, as it requires additional treatment and prolongs hospital-stay. Considering available literature data, the authors analyze various methods of intraoperative prevention of hypoparathyroidism.