Archive | 2019

Advanced cryogenic insulation systems.



New materials in recent decades have enabled advances in thermal insulation systems for storage and transfer of cryogens. To preserve the cold and achieve efficient cryogenic systems, a combination of materials, testing, and engineering is required. The total heat leak into any cryogenic assembly is comprised of three main parts: 1) heat leak through the insulation, 2) heat leak through the support structures, and 3) heat leak attributed to piping penetrations and feedthroughs (and their negative effects on the insulation). This “cold triangle” approach provides a basis for evaluating performance benefits of new materials and analyzing the cost effectiveness in overall system design. Provided are thermophysical data for aerogels, aerogel composites, novel multilayered composites, and glass bubbles for standard test conditions of 293 K and 78 K under conditions from high vacuum to ambient\npressure. Examples of cryogenic storage tanks show the relative importance of both insulation and structural materials for achieving designs of highest energy efficiency.

Volume None
Pages None
DOI 10.18462/IIR.ICR.2019.1732
Language English
Journal None

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