International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems | 2021
Fractal microstrip patch antennas for dual-band and triple-band wireless applications
In this paper, the design and development of dual-band and triple-band fractal microstrip patch antennas with enhanced gain are presented. The structure is based on the Sierpinski carpet fractal, where the multiband functionality is achieved by applying the fractal iteration technique. The fractal antenna characteristics along with analysis of the reflection coefficient and the radiation patterns for each iteration are presented. The dual-band fractal microstrip patch antenna (DBFMPA) is operating at 4.9 and 5.3 GHz and the triple-band fractal microstrip patch antenna (TBFMPA) is operating at 2.4, 5.3, and 5.9 GHz. The defected ground structure (DGS) and a reflector plane is utilized for enhancing the gain of the antenna. Design and optimization of the DBFMPA and TBFMPA are done using the Computer Simulation Technology (CST) Microwave Studio Suite. The presented DBFMPA and TBFMPA are suitable for industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) wireless applications.