International Journal of General Medicine | 2021
Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Features of the Demyelinating Degeneration of White Matter in Young Patients
Objective Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain white matter demyelination often focuses on demyelinating disease, cerebral small vascular disease diagnosis, and follow-up of cognitive dysfunction for observation. This study explored MRI findings and clinical manifestations of demyelinating degeneration of white matter in young patients. Methods A total of ninety-four patients with white matter degeneration diagnosed with MRI were enrolled in this study from January 2014 to July 2018. These patients were divided into two groups: the demyelinating disease group (n = 43) and the non-demyelinating disease group (n = 51). The imaging findings and clinical manifestations of the two groups were analyzed. Results Compared with the non-demyelinating group, there were more female than male patients in the demyelinating group (P < 0.05). In addition, of the 45 patients with an imaging result of “demyelinating degeneration of white matter and multiple sclerosis,” 39 patients met the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (86.7%). In comparison, of the 49 patients with an imaging result of “demyelinating degeneration of white matter,” only four patients met the diagnosis for demyelinating disease (8.2%). Conclusion In patients complaining of headaches, dizziness, vertigo, and other symptoms and in the case of an imaging result showing the demyelinating degeneration of white matter alone, the possibility of a clinical diagnosis of a demyelinating disease is minimal.