Periodico Di Mineralogia | 2019
Extensional magmatism in a continental collision zone,Tafresh area, western central Iran: structural, geochemical and mineralogical considerations
The Tafresh area, located on the middle part of Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic arc, is a suitable area for considering the effects of tectonic structures on development of the volcanic facies in the magmatic provinces. The main structure in the area is a dextral fault (so called Rahjerd Fault) that has produced the local extensional basins and also the parallel dyke swarms (or feeder dykes) on its both sides. So, the pyroclastic deposits, basaltic-andesitic lava flows, parallel dyke swarms were appeared by explosive subaqueous and then effusive subaerial eruptions and eventually a dioritic stock intruded in the volcanic pile. Petrologically, the magmatic rocks are belonged to the calcalkaline suite that had been changed and evolved in the magma chambers of local extensional basins in a collisional tectonic setting. The mineral chemistry and geochemical modeling as well as the coexistence of different mineral paragenesis of plagioclases (An47-72 and An17-37), pyroxenes (diopside and pigeonite) and amphiboles (magnesiohastingsite and magnesiohornblende) reveal that the AFC process is a dominant process in the magma chamber. Also, according to geothermobarometric calculations, the investigated volcanic rocks of the area could be grouped into two types: one type with higher P-T (>6Kbar and about 900 °C) including Eocene pigeonite-magnesiohastingsite bearing andesites (PHA) and Miocene andesites and other with lower P-T (1-4 Kbar and 600- 800 °C) including the Eocene diopside-magnesiohornblende bearing andesites (DHA) and the dioritic stock.