Journal of Nuclear Medicine | 2019

Is Response Assessment of Breast Cancer Bone Metastases Better with Measurement of 18F-Fluoride Metabolic Flux Than with Measurement of 18F-Fluoride PET/CT SUV?



Our purpose was to establish whether noninvasive measurement of changes in 18F-fluoride metabolic flux to bone mineral (Ki) by PET/CT can provide incremental value in response assessment of bone metastases in breast cancer compared with SUVmax and SUVmean. Methods: Twelve breast cancer patients starting endocrine treatment for de novo or progressive bone metastases were included. Static 18F-fluoride PET/CT scans were acquired 60 min after injection, before and 8 wk after commencing treatment. Venous blood samples were taken at 55 and 85 min after injection to measure plasma 18F-fluoride activity concentrations, and Ki in individual bone metastases was calculated using a previously validated method. Percentage changes in Ki, SUVmax, and SUVmean were calculated from the same index lesions (≤5 lesions) from each patient. Clinical response up to 24 wk, assessed in consensus by 2 experienced oncologists masked to PET imaging findings, was used as a reference standard. Results: Of the 4 patients with clinically progressive disease (PD), mean Ki significantly increased (>25%) in all, SUVmax in 3, and SUVmean in 2. Of the 8 non-PD patients, Ki decreased or remained stable in 7, SUVmax in 5, and SUVmean in 6. A significant mean percentage increase from baseline for Ki, compared with SUVmax and SUVmean, occurred in the 4 patients with PD (89.7% vs. 41.8% and 43.5%, respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusion: After 8 wk of endocrine treatment for bone-predominant metastatic breast cancer, Ki more reliably differentiated PD from non-PD than did SUVmax and SUVmean, probably because measurement of SUV underestimates fluoride clearance by not considering changes in input function.

Volume 60
Pages 322 - 327
DOI 10.2967/jnumed.118.208710
Language English
Journal Journal of Nuclear Medicine

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