Archive | 2021
Solanum xanthocarpum and Acacia catechu Willd- An Ayurvedic Soothe: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Background: Periodontitis is mainly a microbial disease which commences on accumulation of plaque. Conventional mechanical therapy comprising of scaling in addition to chemical plaque control offers greater benefits to reduce plaque and associated gingivitis. Hence, in our study we have considered the use of relatively safe herbal compounds as an adjunct to scaling. Aims & Objectives of the study were, 1.To assess the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of two herbal mouthrinses (Solanum xanthocarpum and Acacia catechu Willd) and 2. Compare the efficacy of herbal mouthrinses with Chlorhexidine (Gold standard). Methods: A total of 75 patients diagnosed with moderate to severe gingivitis were randomly assigned to 3 groups. The three groups were group A, Chlorhexidine mouthrinse, group B Solanum xanthocarpum mouthrinse and group C, Acacia catechu mouthrinse. This was a triple blinded study where random allocation was done by coin method. After scaling the clinical parameters namely plaque index, gingival index and sulcus bleeding index were recorded for all the three groups. Individuals were instructed to rinse with their respective mouthwash twice daily. The PI, GI and Sulcus Bleeding Index were recorded at baseline, 14th day and 21st day. Results: There was statistical significant difference in three groups in relation to GI, PI and SBI indices. Group C showed statistically significant difference in all the parameters. Conclusion: Acacia catechu and Solanum xanthocarpum were effective as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agents. Acacia catechu showed better results than Chlorhexidine.