Foods | 2021

Trans-2-Hexenal-Based Antifungal Packaging to Extend the Shelf Life of Strawberries



Strawberries are valuable because of their nutritional value, but they are also highly perishable fruits. Fungal decay is the overriding factor that alters the overall quality of fresh strawberries. Because no hygienic treatments to reduce the initial microbial load are feasible, molds develop during postharvest when using conventional packaging. In this study, an antifungal packaging system for strawberries was developed to improve safety and quality. Trans-2-hexenal (HXAL), a natural compound in strawberries, was incorporated into the modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) systems. Zero, 100, and 250 µL of HXAL were included in cellulosic pads and were covered with a polyamide coating to control its release. The pads were placed on the bottom of plastic trays; an amount of250 g of strawberries was added, flow packed in micro-perforated PP bags, and stored at 4 °C for 14 days. Fungal infection was monitored during the storage period, and the optical and textural properties of the strawberries were measured at days 0 and 14. Analysis of the package headspace was conducted to check for the HXAL concentration. HXAL was partially retained in the fruits and was converted into hexyl acetate and 2-hexen-1-ol acetate, but this was only measurably present in the headspace of the active systems. Mold growth was fully inhibited in active packaging although the strawberries were softer and darker than those in the control packages. The active package was not as efficient if the fruits were stored under thermal-abuse conditions (15 and 22 °C).

Volume 10
Pages None
DOI 10.3390/foods10092166
Language English
Journal Foods

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