Acta endocrinologica | 2019
TOTAL THYROIDECTOMY FOR MALIGNANCY - IS CENTRAL NECK DISSECTION A RISK FACTOR FOR RECURRENT NERVE INJURY AND POSTOPERATIVE HYPOCALCEMIA? A TERTIARY CENTER EXPERIENCE IN ROMANIA.
Introduction\nSurgery for thyroid cancer carries a higher risk of morbidity given the region s complicated anatomy, the setting of malignancy and extent of the surgery.\n\n\nAim\nTo investigate the rate of complications related to the recurrent nerve and parathyroid glands lesions in patients with thyroid carcinoma that undergo thyroid surgery and lymph node dissection.\n\n\nPatients and Methods\nThe data of 71 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and 19 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and central neck dissection with various associated neck dissection techniques were investigated using appropriate statistical tests.\n\n\nResults\nAs expected, the rate of recurrent nerve injury observed in the neck dissection group was higher than in the total thyroidectomy group (15.7% vs. 2.8%, p=0.05). As for postoperative hypocalcemia, the rate observed in the neck dissection group, both for postoperative day 1 (p<0.0001) and day 30 (p=0.0003) was higher than in the total thyroidectomy group (68.4% vs. 19.7% postoperative day 1, 31.5% vs. 4.2% postoperative day 30).\n\n\nConclusions\nThe risk of morbidity concerning the recurrent nerve injury and postoperative hypoparathyroidism increases with the extent of surgery. Extensive surgery may achieve proper oncologic outcomes but increases the risk of postoperative morbidity and decreases quality of life. In deciding for extensive surgery, both patient and medical team need to understand these risks.