Featured Researches

Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

2-2 and 2-3 Intercombination Transitions in Be-like Ions

We report here on calculation of probabilities of intercombination transitions 2 s 2 1 S 0 - 2s2p 3 P 1 , 2s3p 3 P 1 for Be-like ions along the isoelectronic sequence for large range of Z . Our results obtained with the 1/Z expansion method agree well with experimental data including the recent ones.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

A magnetic tomography of a cavity state

A method to determine the state of a single quantized cavity mode is proposed. By adiabatic passage, the quantum state of the field is transfered completely onto an internal Zeeman sub-manifold of an atom. Utilizing a method of Newton and Young, we can determine this angular momentum state uniquely, by a finite number of magnetic dipole measurements with Stern-Gerlach analyzers. An example illustrates the influence of dissipation.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

ATI as a source for multiply charged ion production in a laser field

A theory for the many-electron multi-photon process is presented. It is shown that after single-electron excitation into some level in the continuum (ATI) an inelastic collision of the excited electron with the parent atomic particle can result in an excitation of the ion. It may be the continuum state excitation giving the doubly charged ion or the discrete state which also greatly enhances the doubly charged ion production. The probability of these phenomena greatly exceeds that of the direct ionization of a single-charged ion. The single-electron ATI makes possible the two-electron process even in the moderate field. The example of two-electron excitations of He atom in a 780 nm laser field with intensity above ≈ 10 14 W/cm 2 is discussed.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Actio causes reactio: Gravito-optical trapping of three-level atoms

We investigate an atomic three-level Λ -system which is exposed to two counterpropagating laser fields (inducing Raman transitions) and which is closed by a magnetic hyperfine field tuned to be in resonance with the transition between the two ground states. The influence of a homogeneous gravitational field is included in a full quantum treatment of the internal and external dynamics of the atom. It is shown that the combined influence of the gravitational field and the lasers lead for specific momentum values with a very high probability to a transition of the Landau-Zener type. This is accompanied by a momentum transfer resulting in an upward kick. For appropriate initial conditions a sequence of up and down motions is obtained. No mirror is needed. A gravito-optical trapping of atoms based on this effect seems to be realizable.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Adiabatic mechanism of the multiply charged ion production by a laser field through ATI states of an atom

ATI can be followed by an inelastic collision of the ionized electron with the parent atomic particle resulting in an excitation of the ion. It may be a continuum state excitation producing the doubly charged ion or a discrete state which also enhances the doubly charged ion production. Absorption of a few quanta above the atomic threshold is sufficient to make this mechanism work. As a result the two-electron processes can take place even in moderate fields. The example of two-electron excitations of He atoms in a 780 nm laser field with intensity above 10 14 W/cm 2 is discussed

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

An Atom Laser Based on Raman Transitions

In this paper we present an atom laser scheme using a Raman transition for the output coupling of atoms. A beam of thermal atoms (bosons) in a metastable atomic state |1> are pumped into a multimode atomic cavity. This cavity is coupled through spontaneous emission to a single mode of another cavity for the ground atomic state, |2> . Above a certain threshold pumping rate a large number of atoms, N 2 , builds up in this single quantum state and transitions to the ground state of the cavity become enhanced by a factor ( N 2 +1) . Atoms in this state are then coupled to the outside of the cavity with a Raman transition. This changes the internal state of the atom and imparts a momentum kick, allowing the atoms to leave the system.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Analytic Description of the Motion of a Trapped Ion in an Even or Odd Coherent State

A completely analytic description is given of the motion of a trapped ion which is in either an even or an odd coherent state. Comparison to recent theoretical and experimental work is made.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Analytic Description of the Motion of a Trapped Ion in an Even or Odd Squeezed State

A completely analytic description is given of the motion of a trapped ion which is in either an even or an odd squeezed state. Comparison is made to recent results on the even or odd coherent states, and possible experimental work is discussed.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Atomic Data and Databases on the Internet: Entering 1996

In this report the current situation with availability and management of atomic data on the Internet is reviewed.

Read more
Atomic Molecular And Optical Physics

Atomic Data for Permitted Resonance Lines of Atoms and Ions from H to Si, and S, Ar, Ca and Fe

We list vacuum wavelengths, energy levels, statistical weights, transition probabilities and oscillator strengths for permitted resonance spectral lines of all ions of 18 astrophysically important elements (H through Si, S, Ar, Ca, Fe). Using a compilation of experimental energy levels, we derived accurate wavelengths for 5599 lines of 1828 ground-term multiplets which have gf-values calculated in the Opacity Project. We recalculated the Opacity Project multiplet gf-values to oscillator strengths and transition probabilities of individual lines. For completeness, we added 372 resonance lines of NeI, ArI, FeI and FeII ions which are not covered by the Opacity Project. Intercombination and forbidden lines are not included in the present compilation.

Read more

Ready to get started?

Publish with us & Join us today.