# Cellular Automata And Lattice Gases

###### Featured Researches

## A Class of Fast Methods for Processing Irregularly Sampled or Otherwise Inhomogeneous One-Dimensional Data

With the ansatz that a data set's correlation matrix has a certain parametrized form (one general enough, however, to allow the arbitrary specification of a slowly-varying decorrelation distance and population variance) the general machinery of Wiener or optimal filtering can be reduced from O( n 3 ) to O(n) operations, where n is the size of the data set. The implied vast increases in computational speed can allow many common sub-optimal or heuristic data analysis methods to be replaced by fast, relatively sophisticated, statistical algorithms. Three examples are given: data rectification, high- or low- pass filtering, and linear least squares fitting to a model with unaligned data points.

Read more## A Lattice Boltzmann Model for Multi-phase Fluid Flows

We develop a lattice Boltzmann equation method for simulating multi-phase immiscible fluid flows with variation of density and viscosity, based on the model proposed by Gunstensen {\em et al} for two-component immiscible fluids. The numerical measurements of surface tension and viscosity agree well with theoretical predictions. Several basic numerical tests, including spinodal decomposition, two-phase fluid flows in two-dimensional channels and two-phase viscous fingering, are shown in agreement of experiments and analytical solutions.

Read more## A Lattice Boltzmann Model of Binary Fluid Mixture

We introduce a lattice Boltzmann for simulating an immiscible binary fluid mixture. Our collision rules are derived from a macroscopic thermodynamic description of the fluid in a way motivated by the Cahn-Hilliard approach to non-equilibrium dynamics. This ensures that a thermodynamically consistent state is reached in equilibrium. The non-equilibrium dynamics is investigated numerically and found to agree with simple analytic predictions in both the one-phase and the two-phase region of the phase diagram.

Read more## A Lattice Boltzmann Subgrid Model for High Reynolds Number Flows

A subgrid turbulence model for the lattice Boltzmann method is proposed for high Reynolds number fluid flow applications. The method, based on the standard Smagorinsky subgrid model and a single-time relaxation lattice Boltzmann method, incorporates the advantages of the lattice Boltzmann method for handling arbitrary boundaries and is easily implemented on parallel machines. The method is applied to a two-dimensional driven cavity flow for studying dynamics and the Reynolds number dependence of the flow structures. The substitution of other subgrid models, such as the dynamic subgrid model, in the framework of the LB method is discussed.

Read more## A Lattice-Gas Model of Microemulsions

We develop a lattice gas model for the nonequilibrium dynamics of microemulsions. Our model is based on the immiscible lattice gas of Rothman and Keller, which we reformulate using a microscopic, particulate description so as to permit generalisation to more complicated interactions, and on the prescription of Chan and Liang for introducing such interparticle interactions into lattice gas dynamics. We present the results of simulations to demonstrate that our model exhibits the correct phenomenology, and we contrast it with both equilibrium lattice models of microemulsions, and to other lattice gas models.

Read more## A Lattice-Gas with Long-Range Interactions Coupled to a Heat Bath

Introduced is a lattice-gas with long-range 2-body interactions. An effective inter-particle force is mediated by momentum exchanges. There exists the possibility of having both attractive and repulsive interactions using finite impact parameter collisions. There also exists an interesting possibility of coupling these long-range interactions to a heat bath. A fixed temperature heat bath induces a permanent net attractive interparticle potential, but at the expense of reversibility. Thus the long-range dynamics is a kind of a Monte Carlo Kawasaki updating scheme. The model has a PρT equation of state. Presented are analytical and numerical results for the a lattice-gas fluid governed by a nonideal equation of state. The model's complexity is not much beyond that of the FHP lattice-gas. It is suitable for massively parallel processing and may be used to study critical phenomena in large systems.

Read more## A Method for Near-Equilibrium Discrete-Velocity Gas Flows

We present a simulation scheme for discrete-velocity gases based on {\em local thermodynamic equilibrium}. Exploiting the kinetic nature of discrete-velocity gases, in that context, results in a natural splitting of fluxes, and the resultant scheme strongly resembles the original processes. The kinetic nature of the scheme and the modeling of the {\em infinite collision rate} limit, result in a small value of the coefficient of (numerical)-viscosity, the behavior of which is remarkably physical [18]. A first order method, and two second order methods using the total variation diminishing principle are developed and an example application presented. Given the same computer resources, it is expected that with this approach, much higher Reynold's number will be achievable than presently possible with either lattice gas automata or lattice Boltzmann approaches. The ideas being general, the scheme is applicable to any discrete-velocity model, and to lattice gases as well.

Read more## A New Class of Cellular Automata for Reaction-Diffusion Systems

We introduce a new class of cellular automata to model reaction-diffusion systems in a quantitatively correct way. The construction of the CA from the reaction-diffusion equation relies on a moving average procedure to implement diffusion, and a probabilistic table-lookup for the reactive part. The applicability of the new CA is demonstrated using the Ginzburg-Landau equation.

Read more## A New Fast Method for Determining Local Properties of Striped Patterns

From the striped coats of zebras to the ripples in windblown sand, the natural world abounds with locally banded patterns. Such patterns have been of great interest throughout history, and, in the last twenty years, scientists in a wide variety of fields have been studying the patterns formed in well-controlled experiments that yield enormous quantities of high-precision data. These experiments involving phenomena as diverse as chemical reactions in shallow layers, thermal convection in horizontal fluid layers, periodically shaken layers of sand, and the growth of slime mold colonies often display patterns that appear qualitatively similar. Methods are needed to characterize in a reasonable amount of time the differences and similarities in patterns that develop in different systems, as well as in patterns formed in one system for different experimental conditions. In this Letter, we introduce a novel, fast method for determining local pattern properties such as wavenumber, orientation, and curvature as a function of position for locally striped patterns.

Read more## A Vectorized Algorithm for Molecular Dynamics of Short Range Interacting Particles

We report on a lattice based algorithm, completely vectorized for molecular dynamics simulations. Its algorithmic complexity is of the order O(N) , where N is the number of particles. The algorithm works very effectively when the particles have short range interaction, but it is applicable to each kind of interaction. The code was tested on a Cray ymp el in a simulation of flowing granular material.

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