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Featured researches published by Folkert W. Asselbergs.

European Heart Journal | 2015

Mendelian randomization of blood lipids for coronary heart disease.

Michael V. Holmes; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Tom Palmer; Fotios Drenos; Matthew B. Lanktree; Christopher P. Nelson; Caroline Dale; Sandosh Padmanabhan; Chris Finan; Daniel I. Swerdlow; Vinicius Tragante; Erik P A Van Iperen; Suthesh Sivapalaratnam; Sonia Shah; Clara C. Elbers; Tina Shah; Jorgen Engmann; Claudia Giambartolomei; Jon White; Delilah Zabaneh; Reecha Sofat; Stela McLachlan; Pieter A. Doevendans; Anthony J. Balmforth; Alistair S. Hall; Kari E. North; Berta Almoguera; Ron C. Hoogeveen; Mary Cushman; Myriam Fornage

Aims To investigate the causal role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides in coronary heart disease (CHD) using multiple instrumental variables for Mendelian randomization. Methods and results We developed weighted allele scores based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with established associations with HDL-C, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). For each trait, we constructed two scores. The first was unrestricted, including all independent SNPs associated with the lipid trait identified from a prior meta-analysis (threshold P < 2 × 10−6); and the second a restricted score, filtered to remove any SNPs also associated with either of the other two lipid traits at P ≤ 0.01. Mendelian randomization meta-analyses were conducted in 17 studies including 62,199 participants and 12,099 CHD events. Both the unrestricted and restricted allele scores for LDL-C (42 and 19 SNPs, respectively) associated with CHD. For HDL-C, the unrestricted allele score (48 SNPs) was associated with CHD (OR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40, 0.70), per 1 mmol/L higher HDL-C, but neither the restricted allele score (19 SNPs; OR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.42, 1.98) nor the unrestricted HDL-C allele score adjusted for triglycerides, LDL-C, or statin use (OR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.44, 1.46) showed a robust association. For triglycerides, the unrestricted allele score (67 SNPs) and the restricted allele score (27 SNPs) were both associated with CHD (OR: 1.62; 95% CI: 1.24, 2.11 and 1.61; 95% CI: 1.00, 2.59, respectively) per 1-log unit increment. However, the unrestricted triglyceride score adjusted for HDL-C, LDL-C, and statin use gave an OR for CHD of 1.01 (95% CI: 0.59, 1.75). Conclusion The genetic findings support a causal effect of triglycerides on CHD risk, but a causal role for HDL-C, though possible, remains less certain.

American Journal of Human Genetics | 2014

Causal effects of body mass index on cardiometabolic traits and events: A Mendelian randomization analysis

Michael V. Holmes; Leslie A. Lange; Tom Palmer; Matthew B. Lanktree; Kari E. North; Berta Almoguera; Sarah G. Buxbaum; Hareesh R. Chandrupatla; Clara C. Elbers; Yiran Guo; Ron C. Hoogeveen; Jin Li; Yun R. Li; Daniel I. Swerdlow; Mary Cushman; Thomas S. Price; Sean P. Curtis; Myriam Fornage; Hakon Hakonarson; Sanjay R. Patel; Susan Redline; David S. Siscovick; Michael Y. Tsai; James G. Wilson; Yvonne T. van der Schouw; Garret A. FitzGerald; Aroon D. Hingorani; Juan P. Casas; Paul I. W. de Bakker; Stephen S. Rich

Elevated body mass index (BMI) associates with cardiometabolic traits on observational analysis, yet the underlying causal relationships remain unclear. We conducted Mendelian randomization analyses by using a genetic score (GS) comprising 14 BMI-associated SNPs from a recent discovery analysis to investigate the causal role of BMI in cardiometabolic traits and events. We used eight population-based cohorts, including 34,538 European-descent individuals (4,407 type 2 diabetes (T2D), 6,073 coronary heart disease (CHD), and 3,813 stroke cases). A 1 kg/m(2) genetically elevated BMI increased fasting glucose (0.18 mmol/l; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.12-0.24), fasting insulin (8.5%; 95% CI = 5.9-11.1), interleukin-6 (7.0%; 95% CI = 4.0-10.1), and systolic blood pressure (0.70 mmHg; 95% CI = 0.24-1.16) and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (-0.02 mmol/l; 95% CI = -0.03 to -0.01) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; -0.04 mmol/l; 95% CI = -0.07 to -0.01). Observational and causal estimates were directionally concordant, except for LDL-C. A 1 kg/m(2) genetically elevated BMI increased the odds of T2D (odds ratio [OR] = 1.27; 95% CI = 1.18-1.36) but did not alter risk of CHD (OR 1.01; 95% CI = 0.94-1.08) or stroke (OR = 1.03; 95% CI = 0.95-1.12). A meta-analysis incorporating published studies reporting 27,465 CHD events in 219,423 individuals yielded a pooled OR of 1.04 (95% CI = 0.97-1.12) per 1 kg/m(2) increase in BMI. In conclusion, we identified causal effects of BMI on several cardiometabolic traits; however, whether BMI causally impacts CHD risk requires further evidence.

Nature Genetics | 2012

Dominant missense mutations in ABCC9 cause Cantú syndrome

Magdalena Harakalova; Jeske van Harssel; Paulien A. Terhal; Stef van Lieshout; Karen Duran; Ivo Renkens; David J. Amor; Louise C. Wilson; Edwin P. Kirk; Claire Turner; Debbie Shears; Sixto García-Miñaúr; Melissa Lees; Alison Ross; Hanka Venselaar; Gert Vriend; Hiroki Takanari; Martin B. Rook; Marcel A.G. van der Heyden; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Hans M Breur; Marielle Swinkels; Ingrid Scurr; Sarah F. Smithson; Nine V.A.M. Knoers; Jasper J. van der Smagt; Isaac J. Nijman; Wigard P. Kloosterman; Mieke M. van Haelst; Gijs van Haaften

Cantú syndrome is characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, distinctive facial features, osteochondrodysplasia and cardiac defects. By using family-based exome sequencing, we identified a de novo mutation in ABCC9. Subsequently, we discovered novel dominant missense mutations in ABCC9 in 14 of the 16 individuals with Cantú syndrome examined. The ABCC9 protein is part of an ATP-dependent potassium (KATP) channel that couples the metabolic state of a cell with its electrical activity. All mutations altered amino acids in or close to the transmembrane domains of ABCC9. Using electrophysiological measurements, we show that mutations in ABCC9 reduce the ATP-mediated potassium channel inhibition, resulting in channel opening. Moreover, similarities between the phenotype of individuals with Cantú syndrome and side effects from the KATP channel agonist minoxidil indicate that the mutations in ABCC9 result in channel opening. Given the availability of ABCC9 antagonists, our findings may have direct implications for the treatment of individuals with Cantú syndrome.

JAMA Cardiology | 2016

Association of Lipid Fractions With Risks for Coronary Artery Disease and Diabetes.

Jon White; Daniel I. Swerdlow; David Preiss; Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter; Brendan J. Keating; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Naveed Sattar; Steve E. Humphries; Aroon D. Hingorani; Michael V. Holmes

IMPORTANCE Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is causally related to coronary artery disease (CAD), but the relevance of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TGs) is uncertain. Lowering of LDL-C levels by statin therapy modestly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, but it is unknown whether this effect is specific to statins. OBJECTIVE To investigate the associations of 3 routinely measured lipid fractions with CAD and diabetes through mendelian randomization (MR) using conventional MR and making use of newer approaches, such as multivariate MR and MR-Egger, that address the pleiotropy of genetic instruments where relevant. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Published data from genome-wide association studies were used to construct genetic instruments and then applied to investigate associations between lipid fractions and the risk of CAD and diabetes using MR approaches that took into account pleiotropy of genetic instruments. The study was conducted from March 12 to December 31, 2015. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Coronary artery disease and diabetes. RESULTS Genetic instruments composed of 130 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were used for LDL-C (explaining 7.9% of its variance), 140 SNPs for HDL-C (6.6% of variance), and 140 SNPs for TGs (5.9% of variance). A 1-SD genetically instrumented elevation in LDL-C levels (equivalent to 38 mg/dL) and TG levels (equivalent to 89 mg/dL) was associated with higher CAD risk; odds ratios (ORs) were 1.68 (95% CI, 1.51-1.87) for LDL-C and 1.28 (95% CI, 1.13-1.45) for TGs. The corresponding OR for HDL-C (equivalent to a 16-mg/dL increase) was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.85-1.06). All 3 lipid traits were associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. The ORs were 0.79 (95% CI, 0.71-0.88) for LDL-C and 0.83 (95% CI, 0.76-0.90) for HDL-C per 1-SD elevation. For TG, the MR estimates for diabetes were inconsistent, with MR-Egger giving an OR of 0.83 (95%CI, 0.72-0.95) per 1-SD elevation. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Routinely measured lipid fractions exhibit contrasting associations with the risk of CAD and diabetes. Increased LDL-C, HDL-C, and possibly TG levels are associated with a lower risk of diabetes. This information will be relevant to the design of clinical trials of lipid-modifying agents, which should carefully monitor participants for dysglycemia and the incidence of diabetes.

Nature Communications | 2015

Correction of human phospholamban R14del mutation associated with cardiomyopathy using targeted nucleases and combination therapy

Ioannis Karakikes; Francesca Stillitano; Mathieu Nonnenmacher; Christos Tzimas; Despina Sanoudou; Vittavat Termglinchan; Chi Wing Kong; Stephanie N. Rushing; Jens Hansen; Delaine K. Ceholski; Fotis Kolokathis; Dimitrios Th. Kremastinos; Alexandros Katoulis; Lihuan Ren; Ninette Cohen; Johannes M.I.H. Gho; Dimitrios Tsiapras; Aryan Vink; Joseph C. Wu; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Ronald A. Li; Jean Sebastien Hulot; Evangelia G. Kranias; Roger J. Hajjar

A number of genetic mutations is associated with cardiomyopathies. A mutation in the coding region of the phospholamban (PLN) gene (R14del) is identified in families with hereditary heart failure. Heterozygous patients exhibit left ventricular dilation and ventricular arrhythmias. Here we generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a patient harbouring the PLN R14del mutation and differentiate them into cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs). We find that the PLN R14del mutation induces Ca2+ handling abnormalities, electrical instability, abnormal cytoplasmic distribution of PLN protein and increases expression of molecular markers of cardiac hypertrophy in iPSC-CMs. Gene correction using transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) ameliorates the R14del-associated disease phenotypes in iPSC-CMs. In addition, we show that knocking down the endogenous PLN and simultaneously expressing a codon-optimized PLN gene reverses the disease phenotype in vitro. Our findings offer novel strategies for targeting the pathogenic mutations associated with cardiomyopathies.

Atherosclerosis | 2004

C-reactive protein and microalbuminuria differ in their associations with various domains of vascular disease

Erik M. Stuveling; Hans L. Hillege; Stephan J. L. Bakker; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Paul E. de Jong; Reinold Gans; Dick de Zeeuw

C-reactive protein (CRP) and microalbuminuria (MA) have been identified as risk markers for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We questioned whether CRP and MA are similar markers of vascular disease in different regions of the vascular tree like the heart, kidneys and extremities or if they differ in their relationships with these vascular beds. Baseline levels of CRP and urinary albumin were measured in 6669 non-diabetic participants in the Prevention of Renal and Vascular ENdstage Disease (PREVEND) study, a Dutch cohort derived from the general population. We defined three domains of vascular disease; coronary heart disease (myocardial infarction or infarct pattern on the ECG), renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance <60 ml min(-1)) and peripheral artery disease (ankle brachial index <0.9 or lower limb revascularisation). The prevalence of an elevated CRP (27.7 vs. 17.9%) and MA (17.5 vs. 10.4%) were increased in subjects with vascular disease as compared with subjects without CVD. The prevalence of an elevated CRP was equal in subjects with either coronary heart disease, renal insufficiency or peripheral artery disease (28.4 vs. 29.5 vs. 26.0%, NS), whereas MA was most prevalent in subjects with coronary heart disease (22.5 vs. 12.8 vs. 14.9%, P<0.05). Using multivariate analyses, CRP was independently associated with all three domains of vascular disease, whereas MA was independently associated with coronary heart disease only. In addition, we found synergistic contributions of an elevated CRP and older age to the risk of vascular disease in all three domains. Thus, CRP and MA are risk markers for vascular disease, each showing a different risk profiling for different vascular beds.

American Heart Journal | 2014

CYP2C19 genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients-Rationale and design of the Patient Outcome after primary PCI (POPular) Genetics study

Thomas O. Bergmeijer; Paul W.A. Janssen; Jurjan C. Schipper; Khalid Qaderdan; Maycel Ishak; Rianne S. Ruitenbeek; Folkert W. Asselbergs; Arnoud W.J. van 't Hof; W. Dewilde; Fabrizio Spanó; Jean-Paul R. Herrman; Johannes C. Kelder; Maarten Postma; Anthonius de Boer; Vera H.M. Deneer; Jurriën M. ten Berg

RATIONALE In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), the use of dual antiplatelet therapy is essential to prevent atherothrombotic complications. Therefore, patients are treated with acetylsalicylic acid and clopidogrel, prasugrel, or ticagrelor. Clopidogrel, however, shows a major interindividual variation in antiplatelet effect, which is correlated to an increase in atherothrombotic events in patients with high platelet reactivity. This interindividual variation is partly a result of CYP2C19 genetic variants. Ticagrelor and prasugrel reduce atherothrombotic events but increase bleeding rate and drug costs, as compared with clopidogrel. CYP2C19-based tailoring of antiplatelet therapy might be beneficial to STEMI patients. STUDY DESIGN POPular Genetics (NCT01761786) is a randomized, open-label, multicenter trial involving 2,700 STEMI patients who undergo pPCI. Patients are randomized to CYP2C19 genotyping or routine ticagrelor or prasugrel treatment. In the genotyping group, *1/*1 (wild-type) patients receive clopidogrel, and patients carrying 1 or 2 *2 or *3 loss-of-function alleles receive ticagrelor or prasugrel. The primary net clinical benefit end point is the composite of death, (recurrent) myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, stroke, and Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO) major bleeding at 1 year. Primary safety end point is the composite of (PLATO) major and minor bleeding. Cost-effectiveness and quality of life will be assessed by calculating quality-adjusted life-years, net costs per life-year, and per quality-adjusted life-year gained. CONCLUSION The POPular Genetics study is the first large-scale trial comparing CYP2C19 genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy to a nontailored strategy in terms of net clinical benefit, safety, and cost-effectiveness.

World Journal of Cardiology | 2012

Gender gap in acute coronary heart disease: Myth or reality?

Mette Claassen; Kirsten C Sybrandy; Yolande Appelman; Folkert W. Asselbergs

AIM To investigate potential gender differences in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, cardiovascular disease (CVD) management, and prognosis in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS A systematic literature search was performed through Medline using pre-specified keywords. An additional search was performed, focusing specifically on randomized controlled clinical trials in relation to therapeutic intervention and prognosis. In total, 92 relevant articles were found. RESULTS Women with CVD tended to have more hypertension and diabetes at the time of presentation, whereas men were more likely to smoke. Coronary angiography and revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention were performed more often in men. Women were at a greater risk of short-term mortality and complications after revascularization. Interestingly, women under 40 years presenting with ACS were at highest risk of cardiovascular death compared with men of the same age, irrespective of risk factors. This disadvantage disappeared in older age. The long-term mortality risk of ACS was similar in men and women, and even in favor of women. CONCLUSION Mortality rates are higher among young women with ACS, but this difference tends to disappear with age, and long-term prognosis is even better among older women.

Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis | 2014

Platelet‐reactivity tests identify patients at risk of secondary cardiovascular events: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

P.P. Wisman; Mark Roest; Folkert W. Asselbergs; P. G. De Groot; F.L. Moll; Y. van der Graaf; G.J. de Borst

Antiplatelet therapy is the standard treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular events (CVEs). High on‐treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) is a risk factor for secondary CVEs in patients prescribed aspirin and/or clopidogrel. The present review and meta‐analysis was aimed at assessing the ability of individual platelet‐function tests to reliably identify patients at risk of developing secondary CVEs.

International Journal of Epidemiology | 2016

Adult height, coronary heart disease and stroke: a multi-locus Mendelian randomization meta-analysis

Eveline Nüesch; Caroline Dale; Tom Palmer; Jon White; Brendan J. Keating; E P van Iperen; Anuj Goel; Sandosh Padmanabhan; Folkert W. Asselbergs; W. M. M. Verschuren; Cisca Wijmenga; Y. T. van der Schouw; N. C. Onland-Moret; Leslie A. Lange; Gerald K. Hovingh; Suthesh Sivapalaratnam; Richard Morris; Peter H. Whincup; G S Wannamethe; Tom R. Gaunt; Shah Ebrahim; Laura Steel; Nikhil Nair; Alex P. Reiner; Charles Kooperberg; James F. Wilson; Jennifer L. Bolton; Stela McLachlan; Jacqueline F. Price; Mark W. J. Strachan

Abstract Background: We investigated causal effect of completed growth, measured by adult height, on coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and cardiovascular traits, using instrumental variable (IV) Mendelian randomization meta-analysis. Methods: We developed an allele score based on 69 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with adult height, identified by the IBCCardioChip, and used it for IV analysis against cardiovascular risk factors and events in 21 studies and 60 028 participants. IV analysis on CHD was supplemented by summary data from 180 height-SNPs from the GIANT consortium and their corresponding CHD estimates derived from CARDIoGRAMplusC4D. Results: IV estimates from IBCCardioChip and GIANT-CARDIoGRAMplusC4D showed that a 6.5-cm increase in height reduced the odds of CHD by 10% [odds ratios 0.90; 95% confidence intervals (CIs): 0.78 to 1.03 and 0.85 to 0.95, respectively],which agrees with the estimate from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration (hazard ratio 0.93; 95% CI: 0.91 to 0.94). IV analysis revealed no association with stroke (odds ratio 0.97; 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.19). IV analysis showed that a 6.5-cm increase in height resulted in lower levels of body mass index (P < 0.001), triglycerides (P < 0.001), non high-density (non-HDL) cholesterol (P < 0.001), C-reactive protein (P = 0.042), and systolic blood pressure (P = 0.064) and higher levels of forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced vital capacity (P < 0.001 for both). Conclusions: Taller individuals have a lower risk of CHD with potential explanations being that taller people have a better lung function and lower levels of body mass index, cholesterol and blood pressure.


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Michael V. Holmes

Clinical Trial Service Unit

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Jason H. Moore

University of Pennsylvania

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