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European Heart Journal | 2010
Ewa A. Jankowska; Piotr Rozentryt; Agnieszka Witkowska; Jolanta Nowak; Oliver Hartmann; Beata Ponikowska; Ludmila Borodulin-Nadzieja; Waldemar Banasiak; Lech Poloński; Gerasimos Filippatos; John J.V. McMurray; Stefan D. Anker; Piotr Ponikowski
AIMS Beyond erythropoiesis, iron is involved in numerous biological processes crucial for maintenance of homeostasis. Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are prone to develop iron deficiency (ID), and iron supplementation improves their functional status and quality of life. We sought to examine the relationship between ID and survival in patients with systolic CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS In a prospective observational study, we evaluated 546 patients with stable systolic CHF [age: 55 +/- 11 (mean +/- standard deviation) years, males: 88%, left ventricular ejection fraction: 26 +/- 7%, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (I/II/III/IV): 57/221/226/42]. Iron deficiency was defined as: ferritin <100 microg/L, or 100-300 microg/L with transferrin saturation <20%. The prevalence of ID was 37 +/- 4% [+/-95% confidence intervals (CI)] in the entire CHF population (32 +/- 4 vs. 57 +/- 10%-in subjects without vs. with anaemia defined as haemoglobin level <12 g/dL in women and <13 g/dL in men, P < 0.001). In a multiple logistic model, ID was more prevalent in women, those in the advanced NYHA class, with higher plasma N-terminal pro-type B natriuretic peptide and higher serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (all P < 0.05). At the end of follow-up (mean duration: 731 +/- 350 days), there were 153 (28%) deaths and 30 (6%) heart transplantations (HTX). In multivariable models, ID (but not anaemia) was related to an increased risk of death or HTX (adjusted hazard ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.14-2.17, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION In patients with systolic CHF, ID is common and constitutes a strong, independent predictor of unfavourable outcome. Iron supplementation may be considered as a therapeutic approach in these patients to improve prognosis.
European Journal of Heart Failure | 2010
Stephan von Haehling; Gerasimos Filippatos; Jana Papassotiriou; Mariantonietta Cicoira; Ewa A. Jankowska; Wolfram Doehner; Piotr Rozentryt; Corrado Vassanelli; Joachim Struck; Waldemar Banasiak; Piotr Ponikowski; Dimitrios Th. Kremastinos; Andreas Bergmann; Nils G. Morgenthaler; Stefan D. Anker
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasodilatory peptide. Its plasma levels or its precursors have not been evaluated in large populations of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We sought to explore mid‐regional proADM (MR‐proADM).
JAMA | 2009
Ewa A. Jankowska; Piotr Rozentryt; Beata Ponikowska; Oliver Hartmann; Dorota Kustrzycka-Kratochwil; Krzysztof Reczuch; Jolanta Nowak; Ludmila Borodulin-Nadzieja; Lech Poloński; Waldemar Banasiak; Philip A. Poole-Wilson; Stefan D. Anker; Piotr Ponikowski
CONTEXT Androgen deficiency is common in men with chronic heart failure (HF) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Estrogens are formed by the aromatization of androgens; therefore, abnormal estrogen metabolism would be anticipated in HF. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between serum concentration of estradiol and mortality in men with chronic HF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective observational study at 2 tertiary cardiology centers (Wroclaw and Zabrze, Poland) of 501 men (mean [SD] age, 58  years) with chronic HF, LVEF of 28% (SD, 8%), and New York Heart Association [NYHA] classes 1, 2, 3, and 4 of 52, 231, 181, and 37, respectively, who were recruited between January 1, 2002, and May 31, 2006. Cohort was divided into quintiles of serum estradiol (quintile 1, < 12.90 pg/mL; quintile 2, 12.90-21.79 pg/mL; quintile 3, 21.80-30.11 pg/mL; quintile 4, 30.12-37.39 pg/mL; and quintile 5, > or = 37.40 pg/mL). Quintile 3 was considered prospectively as the reference group. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Serum concentrations of estradiol and androgens (total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate [DHEA-S]) were measured using immunoassays. RESULTS Among 501 men with chronic HF, 171 deaths (34%) occurred during the 3-year follow-up. Compared with quintile 3, men in the lowest and highest estradiol quintiles had increased mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 4.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.33-7.45 and HR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.30-4.18; respectively; P < .001). These 2 quintiles had different clinical characteristics (quintile 1: increased serum total testosterone, decreased serum DHEA-S, advanced NYHA class, impaired renal function, and decreased total fat tissue mass; and quintile 5: increased serum bilirubin and liver enzymes, and decreased serum sodium; all P < .05 vs quintile 3). For increasing estradiol quintiles, 3-year survival rates adjusted for clinical variables and androgens were 44.6% (95% CI, 24.4%-63.0%), 65.8% (95% CI, 47.3%-79.2%), 82.4% (95% CI, 69.4%-90.2%), 79.0% (95% CI, 65.5%-87.6%), and 63.6% (95% CI, 46.6%-76.5%); respectively (P < .001). CONCLUSION Among men with chronic HF and reduced LVEF, high and low concentrations of estradiol compared with the middle quintile of estradiol are related to an increased mortality.
PLOS ONE | 2011
Ewa A. Jankowska; Gerasimos Filippatos; Stephan von Haehling; Jana Papassotiriou; Nils G. Morgenthaler; Mariantonietta Cicoira; Joerg C. Schefold; Piotr Rozentryt; Beata Ponikowska; Wolfram Doehner; Waldemar Banasiak; Oliver Hartmann; Joachim Struck; Andreas Bergmann; Stefan D. Anker; Piotr Ponikowski
Objectives We hypothesised that assessment of plasma C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-proET-1), a stable endothelin-1 precursor fragment, is of prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), beyond other prognosticators, including N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Methods We examined 491 patients with systolic CHF (age: 63±11 years, 91% men, New York Heart Association [NYHA] class [I/II/III/IV]: 9%/45%/38%/8%, 69% ischemic etiology). Plasma CT-proET-1 was detected using a chemiluminescence immunoassay. Results Increasing CT-proET-1 was a predictor of increased cardiovascular mortality at 12-months of follow-up (standardized hazard ratio 1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04–1.95, p = 0.03) after adjusting for NT-proBNP, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), age, creatinine, NYHA class. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, areas under curve for 12-month follow-up were similar for CT-proET-1 and NT-proBNP (p = 0.40). Both NT-proBNP and CT-proET-1 added prognostic value to a base model that included LVEF, age, creatinine, and NYHA class. Adding CT-proET-1 to the base model had stronger prognostic power (p<0.01) than adding NT-proBNP (p<0.01). Adding CT-proET-1 to NT-proBNP in this model yielded further prognostic information (p = 0.02). Conclusions Plasma CT-proET-1 constitutes a novel predictor of increased 12-month cardiovascular mortality in patients with CHF. High CT-proET-1 together with high NT-proBNP enable to identify patients with CHF and particularly unfavourable outcomes.
European Journal of Heart Failure | 2014
IJsbrand T. Klip; Ewa A. Jankowska; Cristina Enjuanes; Adriaan A. Voors; Waldemar Banasiak; Jordi Bruguera; Piotr Rozentryt; Lech Poloński; Dirk J. van Veldhuisen; Piotr Ponikowski; Josep Comin-Colet; Peter van der Meer
Iron deficiency (ID), anaemia, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common co‐morbidities in chronic heart failure (CHF) and all independent predictors of unfavourable outcome. The combination of anaemia and CKD in CHF has been described as the cardiorenal–anaemia syndrome. However, the role of ID within this complex interplay of co‐existing pathologies is unclear.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | 2008
Piotr Knapik; Piotr Rozentryt; Paweł Nadziakiewicz; Lech Poloński; Marian Zembala
OBJECTIVES Acute kidney impairment requiring renal replacement therapy is an infrequent but dangerous complication of cardiac surgery. Its development is associated with high mortality and morbidity. A recently published simple risk stratification engine has been developed and validated in the USA and Canada, but its discriminatory power has never been tested in Europe. We aimed to cross-validate the newly developed risk stratification algorithm in a group of patients operated on in a single centre in Poland. METHODS From electronic database we selected 1421 patients fulfilling identical inclusion and exclusion criteria as in derivation cohort in Canada. In each patient eligible for analysis we calculated simplified renal index and assessed its predictive power for the need of renal replacement therapy. RESULTS After surgery 33 (2.3%) patients developed acute kidney impairment and subsequently underwent renal replacement therapy. The simplified renal index predicted risk of postoperative renal replacement therapy in our group. Patients with low values of simplified renal index (0-1), medium (2-3) and high values (4 and more) were found to have increasingly higher risk for renal replacement therapy of 1.1% (95% CI: 0.5-2.1%), 3.2% (95% CI: 1.9-5%) and 12.5% (95% CI: 5.2-24.1%), respectively. The area under the ROC curve of simplified renal index as predictor of renal replacement therapy in our centre was 0.73 (95% CI: 0.62-0.81) and did not differ significantly from the values obtained in the original paper. CONCLUSION The new risk stratification algorithm is effective in discrimination of patients at high risk for development of acute kidney impairment with the need of renal replacement therapy.
Current Vascular Pharmacology | 2013
Beata Franczyk-Skóra; Anna Gluba; Maciej Banach; Piotr Rozentryt; Lech Poloński; Jacek Rysz
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The available data suggest that efforts to reduce mortality in the CKD population should be focused on treatment and prevention of, among others, coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. Accelerated atherosclerosis present in CKD patients also leads to a decline in renal function. Definite data concerning the treatment of heart failure in CKD patients are lacking, because patients with significant renal impairment have mostly been excluded from randomized studies. Nevertheless, it seems that CKD patients should receive similar cardiovascular treatment to that used in patients with normal kidney function, but the doses of drugs ought to be titrated to achieve an optimal effect while avoiding adverse events. Several studies have also shown that despite the high risk, in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), revascularization procedures in patients with CKD appear to be advantageous in the long run and are therefore justified. However, large clinical trials are needed to confirm the benefits and to identify possible disadvantages associated with various methods of treatment.
European Journal of Heart Failure | 2017
Michał Tkaczyszyn; Josep Comin-Colet; Adriaan A. Voors; Dirk J. van Veldhuisen; Cristina Enjuanes; Pedro Moliner-Borja; Piotr Rozentryt; Lech Poloński; Waldemar Banasiak; Piotr Ponikowski; Peter van der Meer; Ewa A. Jankowska
To investigate the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) in heart failure (HF) patients with normal vs. abnormal red cell indices (RCI), the associations between iron parameters and RCI, and prognostic consequences of ID independently of RCI.
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle | 2015
Piotr Rozentryt; Jacek Niedziela; Bartosz Hudzik; Andrzej Lekston; Wolfram Doehner; Ewa A. Jankowska; Jolanta Nowak; Stephan von Haehling; Robert Partyka; Tomasz M. Rywik; Stefan D. Anker; Piotr Ponikowski; Lech Poloński
A higher serum phosphate level is associated with worse outcome. Energy‐demanding intracellular transport of phosphate is needed to secure anion bioavailability. In heart failure (HF), energy starvation may modify intracellular and serum levels of phosphate. We analysed determinants of serum phosphates in HF and assessed if catabolic/anabolic balance (CAB) was associated with elevation of serum phosphate.
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology | 2018
Mariusz Gasior; Marek Gierlotka; Łukasz Pyka; Tomasz Zdrojewski; Bogdan Wojtyniak; Krzysztof Chlebus; Piotr Rozentryt; Jacek Niedziela; Piotr Jankowski; Jadwiga Nessler; Grzegorz Opolski; Piotr Hoffman; Ewa A. Jankowska; Lech Poloński; Piotr Ponikowski
Background The proportion of patients discharged after myocardial infarction with left ventricular systolic dysfunction remains high and the prognosis is unfavourable. The aim of this study was to analyse the temporal trends in the treatment and outcomes of a nationwide cohort of patients. Methods and results Data from the Polish Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes and Acute Myocardial Infarction in Poland Registry were combined to achieve complete information on inhospital course, treatment and outcomes. An all-comer population of patients discharged with left ventricular ejection fraction of 40% or less formed the sample population (n = 28,080). The patients were analysed for the incidence of significant temporal trends and their possible consequences. The implementation of guideline-based treatment at discharge was high. In the post-discharge course a trend towards a higher frequency of percutaneous coronary intervention and a lower prevalence of planned coronary artery bypass grafting procedures was observed. The number of implantable cardioverter defibrillator/cardiac resynchronisation therapy defibrillator implantations was increasing. Cardiac rehabilitation was performed in 19–23% cases. The post-discharge outpatient care was based on general practitioner visits, with only 47.9–48.1% of patients attending an ambulatory cardiology specialist visit. In 12 months of observation the frequency of heart failure rehospitalisations was 17.5–19.1%, while the prevalence of rehospitalisations due to myocardial infarction decreased (8.3% in 2009 to 6.7% in 2013, P < 0.001). A trend towards lower all-cause mortality was observed. Assessment of composite outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure rehospitalisation) adjusted for sex and age at 12 months revealed a significant decreasing trend. Conclusion The overall prognosis in this population is improving slowly. This may be due to the increasing prevalence of guideline-based forms of secondary prevention. Efforts aimed at maintaining these trends are essential, as overall compliance with these guideline remains suboptimal.